Transgenic mice expressing an insulin-promoted H-ras hybrid gene in pancreatic β cells developed β-cell degeneration and diabetes. The disease was manifested in male mice by hyperglycemia, glycosuria, and reduced plasma insulin levels, which appeared around 5 months of age and led to premature death. Histological analyses revealed large holes within the islets of Langerhans and a reduced number of β cells. The destruction of the islets was not associated with an obvious inflammatory activity. Ultrastructural analysis showed extensive engorgement in the endoplasmic reticulum of the residual β cells from diabetic males. The females carrying the insulin-promoted ras gene did not manifest any of the physiological abnormalities observed in males and showed only minor histological and ultrastructural changes, even at much greater ages.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Molecular and cellular biology|
|State||Published - Apr 3 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology