Diabetes Incidence Among Hispanic/Latino Adults in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Christina Cordero, Neil Schneiderman, Maria M. Llabre, Yanping Teng, Martha L. Daviglus, Catherine C. Cowie, Jianwen Cai, Gregory A. Talavera, Linda C. Gallo, Robert C. Kaplan, Elizabeth M. Cespedes Feliciano, Rebeca A. Espinoza Giacinto, Aida L. Giachello, Larissa Avilés-Santa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine diabetes incidence in a diverse cohort of U.S. Hispanic/Latinos. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos is a prospective cohort study with participants aged 18-74 years from four U.S. metropolitan areas. Participants were assessed for diabetes at the baseline examination (2008-2011), annually via telephone interview, and at a second examination (2014-2017). RESULTS: A total of 11,619 participants returned for the second examination. The overall age-adjusted diabetes incidence rate was 22.1 cases/1,000 person-years. The incidence was high among those with Puerto Rican and Mexican backgrounds as well as those aged ≥45 years and with a BMI ≥30 kg/m2. Significant differences in diabetes awareness, treatment, and health insurance coverage, but not glycemic control, were observed across Hispanic/Latino background groups, age groups, and BMI categories. CONCLUSIONS: Differences in diabetes incidence by Hispanic/Latino background, age, and BMI suggest the susceptibility of these factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1482-1485
Number of pages4
JournalDiabetes care
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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