Development of pain systems

Ingrid A.Fitz James Antoine, Karina Gritsenko, Veronica P. Carullo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The assessment of pain intensity traditionally relies on analgesic scoring methods that utilize self-reporting. This is not applicable in the preterm infant and newborn. In this vulnerable population, pain behavior guides assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPain Medicine
Subtitle of host publicationAn Essential Review
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9783319431338
ISBN (Print)9783319431314
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • Neonatal pain
  • NIPS
  • Nociception
  • PIPP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Antoine, I. A. F. J., Gritsenko, K., & Carullo, V. P. (2017). Development of pain systems. In Pain Medicine: An Essential Review (pp. 11-13). Springer International Publishing.