Determination of the structure of the recombinant T = 1 capsid of Sesbania mosaic virus

V. Sangita, S. Parthasarathy, S. Toma, G. L. Lokesh, T. D.S. Gowri, P. S. Satheshkumar, H. S. Savithri, M. R.N. Murthy

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Abstract

The recombinant coat protein (CP) of Sesbania mosaic virus lacking segments of different lengths from the N-terminus expressed in E. coli was shown to self-assemble into a variety of distinct capsids encapsidating 23S rRNA from the host and CP mRNA in vivo. Particles with 60 copies (T = 1) of protein subunits were observed when protein lacking 65 amino acids from the N-terminus was expressed. This recombinant protein possesses the sequence corresponding to the S-domain of the native, T = 3 icosahedral particles but lacks the β-annulus, the βA strand (residues 67-70) and the arginine-rich ARM motif (residues 28-36). Purified T = 1 particles crystallized in the monoclinic snace group P21 with cell parameters of a = 188.4 Å, b = 194.6 Å, c = 272.1 Å and β = 92.6°. The structure of the T = 1 particles was determined by X-ray diffraction at 3.0 Å resolution. As expected, the polypeptide fold of the subunit closely resembles that of the S-domain of the native virus. The recombinant particles bind calcium ions in a manner indistinguishable from that of the native capsids. The structure reveals the major differences in the quaternary organization responsible for the formation of T = 1 against T = 3 particles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1123-1131
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Science
Volume82
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 10 2002

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Sangita, V., Parthasarathy, S., Toma, S., Lokesh, G. L., Gowri, T. D. S., Satheshkumar, P. S., Savithri, H. S., & Murthy, M. R. N. (2002). Determination of the structure of the recombinant T = 1 capsid of Sesbania mosaic virus. Current Science, 82(9), 1123-1131.