Assessment of lactate metabolism is of particular interest during exercise and in disease states such as diabetes, shock, and absorptive abnormalities of short-chain fatty acids by the colon. We describe an analytical method that introduces radio-active tracers and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to simultaneously analyze concentrations and specific activities (SAs) of plasma lactate. The HPLC conditions included separation on a reversed-phase column (octadecylsilane) and an isocratic buffer (30% acetonitrile in water). [3H]Acetate served as an internal standard. Lactate and acetate were extracted from plasma samples with diethyl ether following a pH adjustment to less than 1.0 and back-extracted into a hydrophilic phase with sodium carbonate (2 mM, pH > 10.0). Lactate is detected in the ultraviolet range (242 and 320 nm) by derivatization with α-bromoacetophenone. Control plasma samples were studied after an overnight fast for precision and analytical recovery. Calibration curves were linear in the range 0.18-6.0 mM (r=0.92). The precision was 3% and the analytical recovery was 87%. The detection limit of the method was 36 pmol. Determination of lactate metabolism was performed in a patient with chronic congestive heart failure who was administered primed-continuous l-[U-14C]lactate (10 μCi bolus and 0.3 μCi/min continuously) during a 60-min rest period. Mean arterial lactate concentration and SA were 1.69 ± 0.2 mM and 253.8 ± 22 dpm/μmol, respectively. Systemic lactate turnover was 25.65 μmol/kg per min. Lactic acid systemic turnover, organ uptake and release rates can be accurately determined by isocratic HPLC.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications|
|State||Published - Aug 23 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas