Background: Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in patients with ischemic systolic left ventricular dysfunction (SLVD) are routinely performed although their impact on prognosis remains unclear. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 385 consecutive patients (76% male, 66 ± 9years) with SLVD (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] ≤40%) due to chronic coronary artery disease, who underwent PCI between 1999 and 2009, and explored clinical factors associated with higher risk of death or of a composite of death and hospitalization for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Results: The median follow-up was 28months (inter-quartile range 14-46 months). Death and the composite outcome of death and hospitalization for ADHF occurred in 80 (21%) and 109 (28%) patients respectively (8.4 and 11.5 per 100 patient-years of follow-up). Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), multivessel disease, LVEF < 35%, symptoms of heart failure (HF) emerged both as independent predictors of death (adjusted hazard ratios [HR] 2.64; 1.92, 1.88 and 1.67 respectively) and composite outcome of death and hospitalization for ADHF (adjusted HR 2.22, 1.92, 1.79 and 1.94 respectively). Furthermore advanced age (HR = 1.03) emerged as independent predictors of death and having performed a stress test before PCI correlated with reduced number of deaths and ADHF hospitalizations (HR = 0.60). Of note, PCI significantly reduced the symptom of angina from 63.2% at baseline to 16.3% at the last follow up (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: IDDM, symptoms of HF, multivessel disease and LVEF < 35% appear to be associated with worse outcome patients with ischemic SLVD undergoing PCI, and may be taken into account for optimal risk stratification. On the other hand, performing a stress testing before PCI seems to be associated with a more favorable outcome.
- Coronary artery disease
- Coronary revascularization
- Heart failure
- Ischemic systolic left ventricular dysfunction
- Percutaneous coronary intervention; stress testing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine