Design and implementation of the puerto rico observational study of psychosocial, environmental, and chronic disease trends (PROSPECT)

Josiemer Mattei, Katherine L. Tucker, Luis M. Falcon, F. Rios Bedoya Carlos, Robert M. Kaplan, H. June O'Neill, Martha Tamez, Sigrid Mendoza, Claudia B. Diaz-Alvarez, Jonathan E. Orozco, Edna Acosta Perez, Jose F. Rodriguez-Orengo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Puerto Rico Observational Study of Psychosocial, Environmental, and Chronic Disease Trends (PROSPECT) is a prospective cohort study in Puerto Rico (PR) aiming to identify trends and longitudinal associations in risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In 2019, PROSPECT investigators started recruiting a sample of 2,000 adults aged 30-75 years in PR using multistage probabilistic sampling of households and community approaches. Culturally sensitive trained research assistants assess participants, at baseline and at 2-year follow-up, in private rooms at a network of partner clinics. The study collects comprehensive data on demographic factors, socioeconomic and environmental factors, medical history, health conditions, lifestyle behaviors, psychosocial status, and biomarkers of CVD and stress. PROSPECT will estimate the prevalence and incidence of psychosocial, lifestyle, and biological CVD risk factors, describe variations in risk factors by urbanicity (urban areas vs. rural areas) and exposure (before and after) to natural disasters, and determine predictors of longitudinal changes in CVD risk factors. The study has 4 coordinated operational strategies: 1) research productivity (including synergy with existing epidemiologic cohorts of Hispanics/Latinos for comparison); 2) research infrastructure (biorepository, ancillary studies, and clinical research network); 3) capacity-building, education, and training; and 4) community outreach, dissemination, and policy. PROSPECT will inform public health priorities to help reduce CVD in PR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)707-717
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume190
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Chronic diseases
  • Cohort studies
  • Health disparities
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Minority populations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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