Depressive Symptomology and Hostile Affect among Latinos Using Housing Rental Assistance: the AHOME Study

Earle C. Chambers, Damaris Fuster, Shakira F. Suglia, Emily Rosenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies show that those residing in households subsidized with federal housing vouchers exhibit fewer mental health problems than residents of public housing. The role of housing conditions and neighborhood quality in this relationship is unclear. This study investigated the relationship between rental assistance, housing and neighborhood conditions, and the risk of depressive symptomology and hostile affect among low-income Latino adults living in the Bronx, NY. Latino adults participating in the Affordable Housing as an Obesity Mediating Environment (AHOME) study were used for analysis. All AHOME participants were eligible for federal low-income housing rental assistance (n = 385) and living in the Bronx, New York (2010–2012). Housing (crowding and structural deficiencies) and neighborhood (physical disorder and social cohesion) were measured by questionnaire during in-home interview. Depressive symptomology was measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Short Form, CES-D 10 (score ≥10). Hostile affect was measured using items from the Cook-Medley Hostility Scale (score ≥ 4). Results suggest residents of Section 8 housing have similar levels of depressive symptomology and hostility compared to residents in public housing or those receiving no federal housing assistance. However, depressive symptomology was significantly associated with maintenance deficiencies [OR = 1.17; CI 1.02, 1.35] and social cohesion [OR = 0.71; CI 0.55, 0.93]. Hostility was significantly associated with perceived crowding [OR = 1.18; CI 1.16, 2.85], neighborhood physical disorder [OR = 1.94; CI 1.12, 3.40], and social cohesion [OR = 0.70; CI 0.50, 0.98]. Low-income housing assistance did not have an independent effect on mental health outcomes. However, characteristics of the housing and neighborhood environments were associated with depressive symptomology and hostility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-621
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Volume92
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 27 2015

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
assistance
Obesity
housing
Hostility
social cohesion
Public Housing
low income
public housing
Crowding
resident
Mental Health
mental health
housing conditions
Epidemiologic Studies
Maintenance
Interviews
Depression
questionnaire
interview

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Hostility
  • Housing assistance
  • Latinos
  • Psychological stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Depressive Symptomology and Hostile Affect among Latinos Using Housing Rental Assistance : the AHOME Study. / Chambers, Earle C.; Fuster, Damaris; Suglia, Shakira F.; Rosenbaum, Emily.

In: Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 92, No. 4, 27.05.2015, p. 611-621.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chambers, Earle C. ; Fuster, Damaris ; Suglia, Shakira F. ; Rosenbaum, Emily. / Depressive Symptomology and Hostile Affect among Latinos Using Housing Rental Assistance : the AHOME Study. In: Journal of Urban Health. 2015 ; Vol. 92, No. 4. pp. 611-621.
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