Deletion of the long arm of chromosome 9, del(9q), is a recurring chromosomal aberration in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that is frequently associated with t(8;21). The critical gene products affected by del(9q) are unknown but likely cooperate with the AMLI/ETO fusion gene created by t(8;21) in leukemogenesis. In 43 AML samples with del(9q), we used high-density microsatellite markers to define the commonly deleted region (CDR) to less than 2.4 Mb. We found no homozygous loss at any locus tested. The CDR contains 7 known genes, FRMD3, UBQLNI, GKAP42, KIF27, HNRPK, SLC28A3, and NTRK2, and 4 novel genes, RASEF, C9orf103, C9orf64, and C9orf76. In addition, TLE1 and TLE4 are adjacent to the CDR. We performed a comprehensive mutational analysis of the coding regions of all these genes. No sequence variations absent in normal controls were seen in more than a single del(9q) AML sample. Expression of 7 of the 10 genes examined was significantly down-regulated in del(19q)AML as compared with the CD34-purified progenitors from normal individuals, a pattern distinct from that seen in AML samples with a normal karyotype. The results of our studies are consistent with a model of tumor suppression mediated by haploinsufficiency of critical genes in del(9q) AML.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research