Objectives: Preliminary Investigation to the Angiographiv Versus IVUS Optimization Trial is a single center prospective observational intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guided stent implantation study assessing new criteria for optimal drug eluting stent (DES) deployment. Background: IVUS assessment of DES often reveals underexpansion and malapposition. Optimal stent deployment is currently poorly defined and previous criteria may not be suitable in long and complex lesions. Methods: Optimization was defined as achieving ≥70% of the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the postdilation balloon. This criterion was applied in 113 complex lesions. The size of this balloon was calculated according to vessel media-to-media diameters at various sites inside the stented segment. The IVUS guided treated lesions were matched according to diabetes, vessel type, reference vessel diameter, minimum lumen diameter (MLD), and lesion length with a group of angiographic treated lesions to compare final MLD achieved. Results: Mean minimum stent CSA according to the postdilation balloon utilized was 4.6-2 mm2, 6.26 mm2, 7.87 mm2, and 9.87 mm2 for 2.5 mm, 3.0 mm, 3.5 mm, and 4 mm balloons, respectively. Final MLD (mm) was significantly larger in the IVUS compared to the angoographic-guided group (3.09 ± 0.50 vs. 2.67 ± 0.54; P < 0.0001). There were no procedural complications related to IVUS use. Conclusions: We propose new IVUS criteria based on vessel remodeling that results in an increment in the final MLD, compared to angiographic guidance, which is much larger than any previously published study. This criterion seems to be safety achievable. A proposed randomized study (angiographic vs. IVUS optimization trial) has been launched to test these concepts.
- Complex lesions
- Drug eluting stents
- IVUS guided stenting
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine