Decline in circulating insulin-like growth factors and mortality in older adults: Cardiovascular health study all-stars study

Robert C. Kaplan, Petra Bùžková, Anne R. Cappola, Howard D. Strickler, Aileen P. McGinn, Laina D. Mercer, Alice M. Arnold, Michael N. Pollak, Anne B. Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Background: The association between changes in IGF-I and IGF binding protein (IGFBP) levels and mortality in older adults is unknown. Study Design: Participants were 997 persons 77 to 100 yr old enrolled in the Cardiovascular Health Study All Stars Study. Plasma levels of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3 were assessed at two study examinations (1996-1997 and 2005-2006). Mortality was assessed between 2006 and 2010. Results: Cumulative mortality (CM) was similar among individuals who had at least 10% decreases over time in IGF-I levels (CM = 29.6%), individuals who had at least 10% increases over time in IGF-I levels (CM = 24.7%), and individuals who had IGF-I levels remaining within ± 10% over time (CM = 23.5%). Adjusted for age, sex, race, diabetes, body mass index, creatinine, albumin, and C-reactive protein, decreasing IGF-I level had no significant association with overall cancer mortality or non-cancer mortality. Levels of IGFBP-1 increased markedly over time by38%(median). Individuals with the largest increases in IGFBP-1 level over time had significantly increased risk of mortality. The adjusted hazard ratio per SD of IGFBP-1 change was 1.40 for overall cancer mortality (95% confidence interval = 1.10, 1.77; P = 0.01) and 1.14 for noncancer mortality (95% confidence interval = 1.02, 1.27; P = 0.02). Changes in IGFBP-3 levels were not significantly associated with mortality. Conclusion: Among older adults, decreasing IGF-I level over time does not predict subsequent all-cause mortality, whereas increasing IGFBP-1 predicts increased risk of mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1970-1976
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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