Recent experimental evidence has suggested T cells recognizing antigens in the context of both classical MHC class I and nonclassical class I-like molecules contribute to protective responses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection. Our aims were to characterize both types of T cells, and to explore the basis of communication between the tubercle bacilli and the MHC class I pathway of the host macrophage. A model system was developed using exogenously added ovalbumin as a surrogate antigen to study presentation by MTB-infected macrophages. Viable, virulent MTB and closely related mycobacterial species facilitated the presentation of ovalbumin on MHC class I molecules to CD8+ cytolytic T cells that was dependent upon the cytosolic transport of peptides, implying communication between the MTB phagosome and the host cell cytoplasm: MHC class I presentation of soluble antigens was mimicked by Listeria monocytogenes, which grows within the host cell cytoplasm, as well as its purified hemolysin. We have also characterized T cells that recognize nonpeptide MTB antigens presented by CD1 molecules. CD1-restricted T cells demonstrated to lyse macrophages infected with virulent MTB were divided into distinct subsets based on surface phenotype (CD4-CD8- versus CD8+) and cytotoxicity mechanism (Fas receptor-mediated versus granule exocytosis). A functional consequence of these two mechanisms was observed that while both subsets lysed infected macrophages, only those T cells utilizing the granule exocytosis pathway were able to reduce viability of intracellular MTB.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)