Cytokine changes during interferon-beta therapy in multiple sclerosis: Correlations with interferon dose and MRI response

Jerome J. Graber, David Ford, Min Zhan, Gordon Francis, Hillel Panitch, Suhayl Dhib-Jalbut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations


We investigated serum (IL-10 and IL-12p70) and cellular cytokine levels (IL-10, IL-12p40, IL-12p70, IFN-γ) in stimulated PBMC over 24 weeks in 15 relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) patients randomized to receive once-weekly (qw) IFN-β-1a 30 μg intramuscularly (IM) (n = 8) or three-times-weekly (tiw) IFN-β-1a 44 μg subcutaneously (SC) (n = 7). Overall, IFN-β treatment increased cellular IL-10 (p < 0.01) levels and the ratios of cellular IL-10/IL-12p40 (p < 0.01) and IL-10/IL-12p70 (p < 0.02) while cellular IFN-γ levels were reduced (p < 0.01). Serum IL-10 levels were decreased in non-responders to therapy based on MRI-defined criteria (p < 0.01) but did not change in responders over the course of treatment. In addition, non-responders demonstrated a decrease in serum IL-10/IL-12p70 ratio (p = 0.031) and a decrease in cellular IL-12p70 (p < 0.02). A decrease in cellular IFN-γ was observed in responders (p = 0.013). This is the first study that compares cytokine changes between the two IFN-β regimes and demonstrates that serum IL-10 levels decrease in those patients who continue to have active MRI lesions while on interferon-beta therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-174
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007



  • Biomarker
  • Interferon-beta
  • Interferon-gamma
  • Interleukin-10
  • Interleukin-12
  • Multiple sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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