Cyclic AMP regulates the HERG K+ channel by dual pathways

Jie Cui, Yonathan Melman, Eugen C. Palma, Glenn I. Fishman, Thomas V. McDonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

133 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lethal cardiac arrhythmias are a hallmark of the hereditary Long QT syndrome (LOTS), a disease produced by mutations of cardiac ion channels. Often these arrhythmias are stress-induced, suggesting a relationship between β-adrenergic activation of adenylate cyclase and cAMP-dependent alteration of one or more of the ion channels involved in LOTS. Second messengers modulate ion channel activity either by direct interaction or through intermediary kinases and phosphatases. Here we show that the second messenger cAMP regulates the K+ channel mutated in the LQT2 form of LQTS, HERG, both directly and indirectly. Activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) causes phosphorylation of HERG accompanied by a rapid reduction in current amplitude, acceleration of voltage-dependent deactivation, and depolarizing shift in voltage-dependent activation. In a parallel pathway, cAMP directly binds to the HERG protein with the opposing effect of a hyperpolarizing shift in voltage-dependent activation. The summation of cAMP-mediated effects is a net diminution of the effective current, but when HERG is complexed with with the K+ channel accessory proteins MiRP1 or minK, the stimulatory effects of cAMP are favored. These findings provide a direct link between stress and arrhythmia by a unique mechanism where a single second messenger exerts complex regulation of an ion channel via two distinct pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)671-674
Number of pages4
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2000

Fingerprint

potassium channels
ion channels
cyclic AMP
Ion Channels
Cyclic AMP
second messengers
arrhythmia
Second Messenger Systems
Chemical activation
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Long QT Syndrome
Electric potential
Mink
Phosphorylation
adenylate cyclase
cAMP-dependent protein kinase
mink
Accessories
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
lethal genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Cyclic AMP regulates the HERG K+ channel by dual pathways. / Cui, Jie; Melman, Yonathan; Palma, Eugen C.; Fishman, Glenn I.; McDonald, Thomas V.

In: Current Biology, Vol. 10, No. 11, 01.06.2000, p. 671-674.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cui, J, Melman, Y, Palma, EC, Fishman, GI & McDonald, TV 2000, 'Cyclic AMP regulates the HERG K+ channel by dual pathways', Current Biology, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 671-674. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(00)00516-9
Cui, Jie ; Melman, Yonathan ; Palma, Eugen C. ; Fishman, Glenn I. ; McDonald, Thomas V. / Cyclic AMP regulates the HERG K+ channel by dual pathways. In: Current Biology. 2000 ; Vol. 10, No. 11. pp. 671-674.
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