Current status and future perspectives on therapeutic potential of apigenin: Focus on metabolic-syndrome-dependent organ dysfunction

Waqas Alam, Carmine Rocca, Haroon Khan, Yaseen Hussain, Michael Aschner, Anna De Bartolo, Nicola Amodio, Tommaso Angelone, Wai San Cheang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Metabolic syndrome and its associated disorders such as obesity, insulin resistance, atherosclerosis and type 2 diabetes mellitus are globally prevalent. Different molecules showing therapeutic potential are currently available for the management of metabolic syndrome, although their efficacy has often been compromised by their poor bioavailability and side effects. Studies have been carried out on medicinal plant extracts for the treatment and prevention of metabolic syndrome. In this regard, isolated pure compounds have shown promising efficacy for the management of metabolic syndrome, both in preclinical and clinical settings. Apigenin, a natural bioactive flavonoid widely present in medicinal plants, functional foods, vegetables and fruits, exerts protective effects in models of neurological disorders and cardiovascular diseases and most of these effects are attributed to its antioxidant action. Various preclinical and clinical studies carried out so far show a protective effect of apigenin against metabolic syndrome. Herein, we provide a comprehensive review on both in vitro and in vivo evidence related to the promising antioxidant role of apigenin in cardioprotection, neuroprotection and renoprotection, and to its beneficial action in metabolic-syndrome-dependent organ dysfunction. We also provide evidence on the potential of apigenin in the prevention and/or treatment of metabolic syndrome, analysing the potential and limitation of its therapeutic use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1643
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • Antioxidants
  • Apigenin
  • Flavonoids
  • Intracellular signalling
  • Metabolic syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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