Costs and benefits of multidrug, multidose antiretroviral therapy for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the Dominican Republic

Nicole C. Schmidt, José Roman-Pouriet, Aracelis D. Fernandez, Consuelo M. Beck-Sagué, José Leonardo-Guerrero, Stephen W. Nicholas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Objective: To investigate whether costs of multidose antiretroviral regimens (MD-ARVs), including highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV might be offset by savings gained from treating fewer perinatally acquired infections. Methods: Rates of MTCT reported in the Dominican Republic among mother-infant pairs treated with single-dose nevirapine (SD-NVP; n = 39) and MD-ARVs (n = 91) for PMTCT were compared. Annual births to women infected with HIV were estimated from seroprevalence studies. Antiretroviral costs for both PMTCT and for HAART during the first 2 years of life (in cases of perinatal infection) were based on 2008 low-income country price estimates. Results: Rates of MTCT were 3.3% and 15.4% for the MD-ARV and SD-NVP groups, respectively (P = 0.02). Assuming that 5775 of 231 000 annual births (2.5%) were to HIV-positive women, it was estimated that 191 perinatally acquired infections would occur using MD-ARVs and 889 using SD-NVP. High costs of maternal MD-ARVs (HAART, US$914,760 versus SD-NVP, $1155) would be offset by lower 2-year HAART costs ($250,344 versus $1,168,272 for infants in the SD-NVP group) for the lower number of children with prenatally acquired infection (191 versus 889) associated with the use of MD-ARVs for PMTCT (net national saving $3168). Conclusion: Despite the high costs, use of MD-ARVs, such as HAART, for PMTCT offer societal savings because fewer perinatally acquired infections are anticipated to require treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-222
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012



  • Antiretroviral regimens
  • Cost-benefit analysis
  • HIV
  • Highly active antiretroviral therapy
  • Mother-to-child transmission
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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