Correlates of HIV testing history among urban youth recruited through venue-based testing in 15 US cities

Diane M. Straub, Renata Arrington-Sanders, D. Robert Harris, Nancy Willard, Bill Kapogiannis, Patricia Emmanuel, Donna C. Futterman, Jonathan M. Ellen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Adolescents and young adults comprise disproportionately high percentages of individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and those with undiagnosed HIV. Our objective was to determine factors associated with history of HIV testing and receipt of results among a sample of urban, high-risk, sexually active adolescents in 15 US cities. Methods: A total of 20 to 30 sexually active youths, aged 12 to 24 years, were recruited to participate in an anonymous survey and HIV antibody testing at 2 to 3 venues per city identified by young men who have sex with men, young women of color, or intravenous drug users. RESULTS:: Of the 1457 participants, 72% reported having been previously tested for HIV (89% of whom were aware of their test results). Our sample was diverse in terms of gender, race/ethnicity, and sexual orientation. Factors found to be predictive of testing typically reflect high risk for HIV, except for some high-risk partner characteristics, including having had a partner that made the youth have sex without a condom or had a partner with unknown HIV status. Factors associated with knowledge of serostatus are reported. HIV testing seems to be more associated with sexually transmitted infection testing services than with primary care. Conclusions: More strategies are needed that increase testing, including targeting partners of high-risk individuals, insuring receipt of test results, and increasing testing in primary care settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-696
Number of pages6
JournalSexually Transmitted Diseases
Volume38
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

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History
HIV
Primary Health Care
Condoms
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Drug Users
Sexual Behavior
Young Adult
Color
Antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Straub, D. M., Arrington-Sanders, R., Harris, D. R., Willard, N., Kapogiannis, B., Emmanuel, P., ... Ellen, J. M. (2011). Correlates of HIV testing history among urban youth recruited through venue-based testing in 15 US cities. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 38(8), 691-696. https://doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0b013e318214bb70

Correlates of HIV testing history among urban youth recruited through venue-based testing in 15 US cities. / Straub, Diane M.; Arrington-Sanders, Renata; Harris, D. Robert; Willard, Nancy; Kapogiannis, Bill; Emmanuel, Patricia; Futterman, Donna C.; Ellen, Jonathan M.

In: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Vol. 38, No. 8, 08.2011, p. 691-696.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Straub, DM, Arrington-Sanders, R, Harris, DR, Willard, N, Kapogiannis, B, Emmanuel, P, Futterman, DC & Ellen, JM 2011, 'Correlates of HIV testing history among urban youth recruited through venue-based testing in 15 US cities', Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 691-696. https://doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0b013e318214bb70
Straub, Diane M. ; Arrington-Sanders, Renata ; Harris, D. Robert ; Willard, Nancy ; Kapogiannis, Bill ; Emmanuel, Patricia ; Futterman, Donna C. ; Ellen, Jonathan M. / Correlates of HIV testing history among urban youth recruited through venue-based testing in 15 US cities. In: Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2011 ; Vol. 38, No. 8. pp. 691-696.
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