The biosynthesis and degradation of two lipogenic enzymes were studied during the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes into adipocytes. The activity and mass of malic enzyme, rose by an order of magnitude during adipocyte development and the enzyme accounted for 0.3% of the cytosol protein in mature fat cells. Similarly, the activity and amount of ATP-citrate lyase increased approximately 7-fold during the adipose conversion. The relative rates of synthesis of the two enzymes were ≤0.02% in preadipocytes, but increased sharply as the cells began to differentiate. Maximal steady state rates of malic enzyme and ATP-citrate lyase synthesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes were 13- and 8-fold higher, respectively, than the basal rates in preadipocytes. In contrast, the half-lives of malic enzyme (67 h) and ATP-citrate lyase (47 h) were not altered during adipocyte development. Thus, accelerated rates of enzyme synthesis account for the differentiation-dependent accumulation of the two lipogenic enzymes. Increased rates of malic enzyme, ATP-citrate lyase, and fatty acid synthetase biosynthesis are expressed in a highly coordinated manner during adipocyte differentiation and are associated with parallel elevations in the levels of translatable mRNAs for these enzymes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology