In the intestine, IgA antibody-secreting B cells (IgA-ASCs) and helper T cells coordinate to maintain local homeostasis while their dysregulation could lead to development of intestinal inflammatory diseases. However, mechanisms underlying the coordinated localization and function of the B and T cells into the intestine, particularly the colon, are poorly understood. We herein report the first evidence that the gut-homing chemokine receptor CCR10+ IgA-ASCs form conjugates with helper T cells, preferentially regulatory T cells, at their differentiation sites of gut-associated lymphoid organs for their coordinated co-localization into the colon to promote local homeostasis. In CCR10-knockout mice, defective migration of IgA-ASCs also resulted in defective T-cell migration and homeostasis, and development of inflammatory symptoms in the colon. Antigen-specific interaction of CCR10+ IgA-ASCs and T cells is crucial for their homeostatic establishment in the colon. On the other hand, in IgA-knockout mice, preferential expansion of CCR10+ IgG1-ASCs with regulatory functions compensated for CCR10+ IgA-ASCs to help maintain colonic homeostasis. The preferential expansion of specific subclasses of CCR10+ IgG-ASCs with regulatory functions was also found in asymptomatic IgA-deficient patients. These findings suggest coordinated cell migration as a novel mechanism underlying localization and function of B and T cells in colonic homeostatic regulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy