Control of lifespan and survival by Drosophila NF-KB signaling through neuroendocrine cells and neuroblasts

Sinan Khor, Dongsheng Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report a comparative analysis of the effects of immune activation in the fly nervous system using genetic activation models to target Drosophila NF-KB within Toll versus Imd pathways. Genetic gain-of-function models for either pathway pan-neuronally as well as in discrete subsets of neural cells including neuroendocrine insulin-producing cells (IPCs) or neuroblasts reduce fly lifespan, however, these phenotypes in IPCs and neuroblasts are stronger with Toll activation than Imd activation. Of note, while aging is influenced more by TOII/NF-KB activation in IPCs during adulthood, neuroblasts influence aging more substantially during development. The study then focused on TOII/NF-KB inhibition, revealing that IPCs or neuroblasts are important for the effects of lifespan and healthspan extension but in a life stage-dependent manner while some of these effects display sexual dimorphism. Importantly, co-inhibition of TOII/NF-KB pathway in IPCs and neuroblasts increased fly lifespan greater than either cell population, suggesting that independent mechanisms might exist. TOII/NF-KB inhibition in IPCs was also sufficient to enhance survival under various fatal stresses, supporting the additional benefits to fly healthspan. In conclusion, IPCs and neuroblasts are important for Drosophila NF-KB for controlling lifespan

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24604-24622
Number of pages19
JournalAging
Volume12
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 31 2020

Keywords

  • Drosophila
  • aging
  • brain
  • neuron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

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