Control of carbohydrate processing

the lec1A CHO mutation results in partial loss of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I activity.

Pamela Stanley, W. Chaney

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lec1 CHO cell glycosylation mutants are defective in N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (GlcNAc-TI) activity and therefore cannot convert the oligomannosyl intermediate (Man5GlcNAc2Asn) into complex carbohydrates. Lec1A CHO cell mutants have been shown to belong to the same genetic complementation group but exhibit different phenotypic properties. Evidence is presented that lec1A represents a new mutation at the lec1 locus resulting in partial loss of GlcNAc-TI activity. Structural studies of the carbohydrates associated with vesicular stomatitis virus grown in Lec1A cells (Lec1A/VSV) revealed the presence of biantennary and branched complex carbohydrates as well as the processing intermediate Man5GlcNAc2Asn. By contrast, the glycopeptides from virus grown in CHO cells (CHO/VSV) possessed only fully processed complex carbohydrates, whereas those from Lec1/VSV were almost solely of the Man5GlcNAc2Asn intermediate type. Therefore, the Lec1A glycosylation phenotype appears to result from the partial processing of N-linked carbohydrates because of reduced GlcNAc-TI action on membrane glycoproteins. Genetic experiments provided evidence that lec1A is a single mutation affecting GlcNAc-TI activity. Lec1A mutants could be isolated at frequencies of 10(-5) to 10(-6) from unmutagenized CHO cell populations by single-step selection, a rate inconsistent with two mutations. In addition, segregants selected from Lec1A X parental cell hybrid populations expressed only Lec1A or related lectin-resistant phenotypes and did not include any with a Lec1 phenotype. The Lec1A mutant should be of interest for studies on the mechanisms that control carbohydrate processing in animal cells and the effects of reduced GlcNAc-TI activity on the glycosylation, translocation, and compartmentalization of cellular glycoproteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1204-1211
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume5
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1985
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

CHO Cells
Carbohydrates
Mutation
Glycosylation
Phenotype
Viruses
Vesicular Stomatitis
Glycopeptides
Hybrid Cells
Membrane Glycoproteins
Lectins
Population
alpha-1,3-mannosyl-glycoprotein beta-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I
Glycoproteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Control of carbohydrate processing: the lec1A CHO mutation results in partial loss of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I activity.",
abstract = "Lec1 CHO cell glycosylation mutants are defective in N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (GlcNAc-TI) activity and therefore cannot convert the oligomannosyl intermediate (Man5GlcNAc2Asn) into complex carbohydrates. Lec1A CHO cell mutants have been shown to belong to the same genetic complementation group but exhibit different phenotypic properties. Evidence is presented that lec1A represents a new mutation at the lec1 locus resulting in partial loss of GlcNAc-TI activity. Structural studies of the carbohydrates associated with vesicular stomatitis virus grown in Lec1A cells (Lec1A/VSV) revealed the presence of biantennary and branched complex carbohydrates as well as the processing intermediate Man5GlcNAc2Asn. By contrast, the glycopeptides from virus grown in CHO cells (CHO/VSV) possessed only fully processed complex carbohydrates, whereas those from Lec1/VSV were almost solely of the Man5GlcNAc2Asn intermediate type. Therefore, the Lec1A glycosylation phenotype appears to result from the partial processing of N-linked carbohydrates because of reduced GlcNAc-TI action on membrane glycoproteins. Genetic experiments provided evidence that lec1A is a single mutation affecting GlcNAc-TI activity. Lec1A mutants could be isolated at frequencies of 10(-5) to 10(-6) from unmutagenized CHO cell populations by single-step selection, a rate inconsistent with two mutations. In addition, segregants selected from Lec1A X parental cell hybrid populations expressed only Lec1A or related lectin-resistant phenotypes and did not include any with a Lec1 phenotype. The Lec1A mutant should be of interest for studies on the mechanisms that control carbohydrate processing in animal cells and the effects of reduced GlcNAc-TI activity on the glycosylation, translocation, and compartmentalization of cellular glycoproteins.",
author = "Pamela Stanley and W. Chaney",
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T2 - the lec1A CHO mutation results in partial loss of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I activity.

AU - Stanley, Pamela

AU - Chaney, W.

PY - 1985/6

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N2 - Lec1 CHO cell glycosylation mutants are defective in N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (GlcNAc-TI) activity and therefore cannot convert the oligomannosyl intermediate (Man5GlcNAc2Asn) into complex carbohydrates. Lec1A CHO cell mutants have been shown to belong to the same genetic complementation group but exhibit different phenotypic properties. Evidence is presented that lec1A represents a new mutation at the lec1 locus resulting in partial loss of GlcNAc-TI activity. Structural studies of the carbohydrates associated with vesicular stomatitis virus grown in Lec1A cells (Lec1A/VSV) revealed the presence of biantennary and branched complex carbohydrates as well as the processing intermediate Man5GlcNAc2Asn. By contrast, the glycopeptides from virus grown in CHO cells (CHO/VSV) possessed only fully processed complex carbohydrates, whereas those from Lec1/VSV were almost solely of the Man5GlcNAc2Asn intermediate type. Therefore, the Lec1A glycosylation phenotype appears to result from the partial processing of N-linked carbohydrates because of reduced GlcNAc-TI action on membrane glycoproteins. Genetic experiments provided evidence that lec1A is a single mutation affecting GlcNAc-TI activity. Lec1A mutants could be isolated at frequencies of 10(-5) to 10(-6) from unmutagenized CHO cell populations by single-step selection, a rate inconsistent with two mutations. In addition, segregants selected from Lec1A X parental cell hybrid populations expressed only Lec1A or related lectin-resistant phenotypes and did not include any with a Lec1 phenotype. The Lec1A mutant should be of interest for studies on the mechanisms that control carbohydrate processing in animal cells and the effects of reduced GlcNAc-TI activity on the glycosylation, translocation, and compartmentalization of cellular glycoproteins.

AB - Lec1 CHO cell glycosylation mutants are defective in N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (GlcNAc-TI) activity and therefore cannot convert the oligomannosyl intermediate (Man5GlcNAc2Asn) into complex carbohydrates. Lec1A CHO cell mutants have been shown to belong to the same genetic complementation group but exhibit different phenotypic properties. Evidence is presented that lec1A represents a new mutation at the lec1 locus resulting in partial loss of GlcNAc-TI activity. Structural studies of the carbohydrates associated with vesicular stomatitis virus grown in Lec1A cells (Lec1A/VSV) revealed the presence of biantennary and branched complex carbohydrates as well as the processing intermediate Man5GlcNAc2Asn. By contrast, the glycopeptides from virus grown in CHO cells (CHO/VSV) possessed only fully processed complex carbohydrates, whereas those from Lec1/VSV were almost solely of the Man5GlcNAc2Asn intermediate type. Therefore, the Lec1A glycosylation phenotype appears to result from the partial processing of N-linked carbohydrates because of reduced GlcNAc-TI action on membrane glycoproteins. Genetic experiments provided evidence that lec1A is a single mutation affecting GlcNAc-TI activity. Lec1A mutants could be isolated at frequencies of 10(-5) to 10(-6) from unmutagenized CHO cell populations by single-step selection, a rate inconsistent with two mutations. In addition, segregants selected from Lec1A X parental cell hybrid populations expressed only Lec1A or related lectin-resistant phenotypes and did not include any with a Lec1 phenotype. The Lec1A mutant should be of interest for studies on the mechanisms that control carbohydrate processing in animal cells and the effects of reduced GlcNAc-TI activity on the glycosylation, translocation, and compartmentalization of cellular glycoproteins.

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