Control of blood pressure and risk of stroke among pharmacologically treated hypertensive patients

Olaf H. Klungel, Robert C. Kaplan, Susan R. Heckbert, Nicholas L. Smith, Rozenn N. Lemaitre, W. T. Longstreth, Hubert G.M. Leufkens, Anthonius De Boer, Bruce M. Psaty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose - Despite improved control of blood pressure during the last decades in the United States, a considerable proportion of treated hypertensives have not achieved target blood pressure levels. We estimated the proportion of strokes occurring among treated hypertensive patients that may be attributable to uncontrolled blood pressure. Methods - A population-based case-control study was conducted among treated hypertensive members of Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound. Cases were treated hypertensive patients who sustained a first fatal or nonfatal ischemic (n=460) or hemorrhagic (n=95) stroke during 1989-1996. Controls were a random sample of stroke-free, treated hypertensive Group Health Cooperative enrollees (n=2966), similar in age to the stroke cases. Multiple measurements of blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors were collected from medical records. Logistic regression was used to estimate the risk of ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke associated with uncontrolled blood pressure, defined as diastolic blood pressure >90 mm Hg or systolic blood pressure >140 mm Hg. The fraction of strokes attributable to uncontrolled blood pressure among treated hypertensives was calculated. Results - Blood pressure was uncontrolled in 78% of ischemic stroke cases, 85% of hemorrhagic stroke cases, and 65% of controls. After adjustment for potential confounders, uncontrolled blood pressure among treated hypertensive patients was moderately associated with ischemic stroke (risk ratio = 1.5 [95% CI, 1.2 to 1.9]) and strongly related to hemorrhagic stroke (risk ratio=3.0 [95% CI, 1.7 to 5.4]). We estimated that 27% (95% CI, 11% to 39%) of the ischemic strokes and 57% (95% CI, 26% to 75%) of the hemorrhagic strokes among treated hypertensive patients were attributable to uncontrolled blood pressure. Overall, 32% (95% CI, 14% to 45%) of all strokes were attributable to uncontrolled blood pressure. Conclusions - A considerable proportion of incident strokes among treated hypertensive patients may be prevented by achieving control of blood pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-424
Number of pages5
JournalStroke
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hypertension
  • Pharmacology
  • Risk
  • Stroke, hemorrhagic
  • Stroke, ischemic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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    Klungel, O. H., Kaplan, R. C., Heckbert, S. R., Smith, N. L., Lemaitre, R. N., Longstreth, W. T., Leufkens, H. G. M., De Boer, A., & Psaty, B. M. (2000). Control of blood pressure and risk of stroke among pharmacologically treated hypertensive patients. Stroke, 31(2), 420-424. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.STR.31.2.420