Connexin 32 increases the proliferative response of Schwann cells to neuregulin-1 (Nrg1)

Mona Freidin, Samantha Asche, Thaddeus A. Bargiello, Michael V. L. Bennett, Charles K. Abrams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Connexin 32 (Cx32), a gap junction protein, is found within the para-nodal region and Schmidt-Lanterman incisures of myelinating Schwann cells (SCs). In developing and regenerating peripheral nerves, pro-myelinating SCs express Cx32 mRNA and protein in conjunction with the expression of myelin specific genes. Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1), a member of the neuregulin family of growth factors, controls SC proliferation and differentiation depending on the cellular environment and the particular stage of SC maturation. Primary cultures of purified SCs from newborn mouse sciatic nerve were used to characterize both the role of Nrg1 in the expression of Cx32 and, conversely, the role of Cx32 in SC responsiveness to Nrg1. Glial growth factor 2, an isoform of Nrg1, up-regulated Cx32 in both proliferating and non-proliferating SCs. However, SCs from Cx32-KO mice exhibited a significantly smaller mitogenic response to glial growth factor 2. Electrical coupling between Cx32-KO SCs did not differ from that between WT SCs, indicating the presence of other connexins. These results suggest a link between Cx32 expression and Nrg1 regulation of SC proliferation that does not involve Cx32-mediated intercellular communication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3567-3572
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume106
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2009

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Neuregulin-1
Schwann Cells
Connexins
connexin 32
Neuregulins
Cell Proliferation
Sciatic Nerve
Myelin Sheath
Peripheral Nerves
Cell Differentiation
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Protein Isoforms

Keywords

  • Cell cycle
  • CMTX
  • Cx32 knockout
  • Glial growth factor 2
  • Myelin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Connexin 32 increases the proliferative response of Schwann cells to neuregulin-1 (Nrg1). / Freidin, Mona; Asche, Samantha; Bargiello, Thaddeus A.; Bennett, Michael V. L.; Abrams, Charles K.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 106, No. 9, 03.03.2009, p. 3567-3572.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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