Computer-assisted static/dynamic renal imaging: A screening test for renovascular hypertension?

H. J. Keim, P. M. Johnson, E. D. Vaughan, K. Beg, D. A. Follett, L. M. Freeman, J. H. Laragh

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Abstract

Computer-assisted static/dynamic renal imaging with [ 197Hg] chlormerodrin and [ 99mTc]pertechnetate was evaluated prospectively as a screening test for renovascular hypertension. Results are reported for 51 patients: 33 with benign essential hypertension and 18 with renovascular hypertension, and for 21 normal controls. All patients underwent renal arteriography. Patients with significant obesity, renal insufficiency, or renoparenchymal disease were excluded from this study. Independent visual analyses of renal gamma images and time-activity transit curves identified 17 of the 18 patients with renovascular hypertension; one study was equivocal. There were five equivocal and three false-positive results in the essential hypertension and normal control groups. The sensitivity of the method was 94% and the specificity 85%. Since the prevalence of the renovascular subset of hypertension is approximately 5%, the predictive value is only 25%. Inclusion of computer-generated data did not improve this result. Accordingly, this method is not recommended as a primary screening test for renovascular hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-17
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume20
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Keim, H. J., Johnson, P. M., Vaughan, E. D., Beg, K., Follett, D. A., Freeman, L. M., & Laragh, J. H. (1979). Computer-assisted static/dynamic renal imaging: A screening test for renovascular hypertension? Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 20(1), 11-17.