Compression of Morbidity Is Observed Across Cohorts with Exceptional Longevity

Khadija Ismail, Lisa Nussbaum, Paola Sebastiani, Stacy Andersen, Thomas Perls, Nir Barzilai, Sofiya Milman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To determine, in a sample of Ashkenazi Jewish aged 95 and older, whether there is a compression of morbidity similar to what has been reported in other cohorts with exceptional longevity. Design: Case–control study. Setting: Longevity Genes Project (LGP) and New England Centenarian Study (NECS). Participants: LGP (n = 439, mean age 97.8 ± 2.8) and NECS (n = 1,498, mean age 101.4 ± 4.0) participants with exceptional longevity and their respective younger referent cohorts (LGP, n = 696; NECS, n = 302). Measurements: Self- and proxy reports of age of onset of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, osteoporosis, and stroke. Results: Long-lived individuals from LGP and NECS had later age of onset of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and osteoporosis than their respective younger reference groups. The risk of overall morbidity was lower in participants with exceptional longevity than in younger participants (NECS men: relative risk (RR) = 0.12, women: RR = 0.20; LGP men: RR = 0.18, women: RR = 0.24). The age at which 20% of each of the groups with exceptional longevity experienced specific diseases was between 18 and 24 years later than in the reference groups, stratified according to sex. Conclusion: The similar extension of health span and compression of morbidity seen in NECS and LGP participants with exceptional longevity further validates the utility of these rare individuals for the study of factors that delay or prevent a broad spectrum of diseases otherwise associated with mortality and disability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1583-1591
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume64
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • compression of morbidity
  • health span
  • longevity
  • older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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