Compounds with antibacterial activity that enhance DNA cleavage by bacterial DNA topoisomerase I

Bokun Cheng, I. Fen Liu, Yuk Ching Tse-Dinh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: DNA topoisomerases utilize a covalent complex formed after DNA cleavage as an intermediate in the interconversion of topological forms via DNA cleavage and religation. Many anticancer and antibacterial therapeutic agents are effective because they stabilize or increase the level of the covalent topoisomerase-DNA complex formed by type IIA or type IB topoisomerases. Our goal is to identify small molecules that can enhance DNA cleavage by type IA DNA topoisomerase. Compounds that act in this mechanism against type IA topoisomerase have not been identified previously and could be leads for development of a new class of antibacterial agents. Methods: High throughput screening was carried out to select small molecules that induce the SOS response of Escherichia coli, overexpressing recombinant Yersinia pestis topoisomerase I. The initial hit compounds were further tested for inhibition of bacterial growth and bacterial topoisomerase I activity. Results: Three compounds with antibacterial activity that enhance the cleavage activity of bacterial topoisomerase I were identified. Conclusions: Small molecules that can enhance the DNA cleavage activity of type IA DNA topoisomerase can be identified and may provide leads for development of novel antibacterial compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)640-645
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Antibiotics
  • High throughput screening
  • Y. pestis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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