Objective: To report the complications that occurred during a large series of surgical procedures for the removal of acoustic neuromas using the translabyrinthine approach. Design: Retrospective analysis. Setting: Neuro- otology practice with academic affiliation. Procedures were performed at either a university medical center or a community hospital in conjunction with a neurosurgery team. Patients: A total of 258 patients (142 men, 116 women; mean age, 51 years) underwent the translabyrinthine approach during a 14-year period. All patients had a histologically proven diagnosis of acoustic neuroma. Results: There were no deaths. There were 3 cases (1.1%) of neurovascular compromise. There were 20 cases (7.8%) of cerebrospinal fluid leak, 16 (80%) of which presented as rhinorrhea and 4 (20%) as incisional leaks. The leaks at the incision responded to conservative management, while rhinorrhea usually required more aggressive means of closure. Four patients (1.6%) were diagnosed as having bacterial meningitis. Complete gross tumor removal, was not achieved in 4 patients (1.6%). Facial nerve function, as measured by the HouseBrackmann system, was recorded in all patients at 1 year: 76% had a score of I or II; 18%, a score of III or IV; and 6%, a score of V or VI. Other complications included 3 cases of pneumonia, 1 case of severe gastric hemorrhage, and 1 case of wound infection. Conclusions: The results of this series generally agree with those of other large series and demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the translabyrinthine approach in excising acoustic neuromas.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery|
|State||Published - Jul 1999|
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