The human major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-linked genes C2,BF,C4A,C4B occur in populations and segregate in families as single genetic units or complotypes. Analysis for significant three-point linkage disequilibrium between HLA-B, DR and complotype on normal caucasian chromosomes 6p yields about a dozen haplotypes that account for most of the known HLA-B/HLA-DR linkage disequilibrium pairs previously noted in normal caucasian populations. We refer to the HLA-B/DR/complotype sets with significant linkage disequilibrium as extended haplotypes since they often show limited variation at other MHC-linked loci. From the study of MHC haplotypes in 21-hydroxylase deficiency, C2 deficiency and type 1 diabetes, it is becoming apparent that it is extended haplotypes rather than their individual alleles that are markers for these MHC-associated diseases.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Biochemical Society Symposia|
|State||Published - 1986|
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