Most bone marrow transplantation preparative regimens use total body irradiation as one component. Recently, however, two non-total body irradiation containing autologous bone marrow transplantation preparative regimens have been evaluated in patients with lymphoid malignancies. The first regimen consisted of carmustine, etoposide, and cisplatin; some patients also received involved-field radiotherapy to sites of prior disease. Of the 79 patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma who participated in this study, 57 (72%) achieved a complete remission and 40 (51%) remain in complete remission. Treatment-related deaths occurred in five patients (6%). The second preparative regimen evaluated consisted of busulfan, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide and included 21 patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma, non- Hodgkin's lymphoma, or acute lymphocytic leukemia. Sixteen patients (76%) achieved complete remission and 12 (57%) remain disease free. The regimen- related mortality rate in this study was 14%. The three treatment-related deaths were all due to pulmonary toxicity. The results of these clinical trials indicate that both the carmustine/etoposide/cisplatin regimen and the busulfan/etoposide/cyclophosphamide regimen are effective in treating lymphoid malignancies. Treatment-related toxicities and deaths are significant, but not prohibitive. Accordingly, these new preparative regimens deserve further evaluation in the treatment of patients with lymphoma or leukemia.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Seminars in oncology|
|Issue number||4 SUPPL. 4|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1993|
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