We previously described a methotrexate-resistant L1210 cell line (MTX(r)A) that lacks a functional reduced folate carrier and does not appreciably express the folate receptor. In the present study, we utilized MTX(r)A cell lines stably transfected with cDNAs encoding either the folate receptor or the reduced folate carrier to investigate the influence of the route of folate influx on the rate and extent of methotrexate polyglutamylation. At an extracellular methotrexate concentration of 0.1 μM, influx in the folate receptor transfectant (MTX(r)A-TF1) and in the reduced folate carrier transfectant (MTX(r)A-R1) was equal and methotrexate polyglutamates accumulated at an identical rate, but the onset was delayed until dihydrofolate reductase was saturated with the monoglutamate (~3 hr). The onset of polyglutamate formation was immediate and identical among the lines in cells pretreated with the lipophilic dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor trimetrexate to block methotrexate binding to dihydrofolate reductase. The spectra of individual methotrexate polyglutamates that accumulated were similar, with the tetraglutamate present as the predominant form. A 100-fold higher methotrexate concentration was required to detect methotrexate uptake and polyglutamylation in the transport defective parent MTX(r)A line, demonstrating that diffusion or an unidentified low affinity route also supports polyglutamylation. Since the folate receptor and the reduced folate carrier achieve nearly identical rates of polyglutamylation despite very different mechanisms of methotrexate delivery, the data suggest that transport-mediated substrate channeling to folylpolyglutamate synthetase is unlikely to play a role in tetrahydrofolate metabolism. This study supports the notion that it is the intracellular concentration of methotrexate achieved within the cell that drives polyglutamylation irrespective of its route of entry.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Sep 13 1996|
- folate receptor
- reduced folate carrier
ASJC Scopus subject areas