Catheter ablation (CA) is an effective treatment for ventricular arrhythmias (VA), with a potential for complications. The presence of structural heart disease (SHD) is associated with a higher complication rate although there is no data comparing CA of VA between patients with SHD and those without. We aimed to compare trends, morbidity, and mortality associated with real world practice of CA for VA (ventricular tachycardia and premature ventricular contraction) based on the presence of SHD. Using weighted sampling in the National Inpatient Sample database, we collected and compared characteristics and outcomes of patients with or without SHD that underwent CA of VA. Among 34,907 patients that underwent CA for VA (1999–2013), 18,014 (51.6%) had SHD. Major and all complications occurred among 1,135/18,014 (6.3%) and 2139/18,014 (11.9%) patients with SHD respectively compared with 355/16,893 (2.1%) and 739/16,893 (4.4%) for patients without SHD, p < 0.001 for both comparisons. Furthermore, 452/18,014 (2.51%) with SHD died versus 20/16,893 (0.12%) without SHD, p < 0.001. Heart failure was associated with an odds ratio (OR) of 3.09 for major complications (95%CI: 1.53–6.27, p = 0.002) for patients with SHD while coronary artery disease OR for major complications was 2.47 (95%CI: 1.44–4.23, p = 0.001) for patients without SHD. There was a significant increase in major complications over the 15-year study period in patients with SHD, p < 0.001. In conclusion, the presence of SHD during CA for VA increased the complication rate of major and any complications by approximately threefold for both and the hospital mortality by >20-fold compared with patients without SHD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine