Murine T cell clones were derived that proliferated in response to stimulation by alloantigen or by ovalbumin (OVA) in the presence of irradiated syngeneic spleen cells. Two cloned cell lines of strain B10.BR (H-2(k)) proliferated in response to alloantigen encoded by I-A(b), whereas the response to OVA was restricted by an element encoded by I-A(k). A cloned cell line of strain B10.A (H-2(a)) proliferated in response to alloantigen encoded by I-A(s), whereas the response to OVA was restricted by an element encoded by I-A(k). Cloned cells were stimulated by alloantigen or by OVA to produce lymphokines and to incorporate thymidine. Culture supernatants were collected 24 hr later and were assayed for interleukin 2, colony stimulating factor, interferon, Ia-inducing activity, and interleukin 3; thymidine incorporation was measured 72 hr after stimulation. For each clone tested, stimulation by alloantigen or by OVA led to the production of an identical array of lymphokines. Likewise, the strength of stimulation by alloantigen was approximately equal in magnitude to the strength of stimulation by a particular concentration of OVA. Lymphokine production and thymidine incorporation were co-variant measures of the intensity of stimulation. These data, in combination with data linking OVA reactivity and alloreactivity to identical regions of the major histocompatibility complex, suggest that dual reactivity represents a cross-reaction between alloantigen and self determinants associated with nominal antigen.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy