Objectives Postoperative disorders of the central nervous system remain a major problem in thoracic aortic surgery. Both retrograde cerebral perfusion and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion have become established techniques for cerebral circulatory management. In this study, we compared neurologic outcomes and mortality between retrograde cerebral perfusion and antegrade selective cerebral perfusion in patients with acute type A aortic dissection who underwent emergency ascending aorta replacement. Methods Between January 2003 and April 2011, a total of 203 patients with acute type A aortic dissection underwent emergency ascending aorta replacement in our hospital. We performed retrograde cerebral perfusion in 109 patients before 2006, and then mainly performed antegrade selective cerebral perfusion in 94 patients from 2006 onward. Results Cardiopulmonary bypass time and systemic circulatory arrest time were significantly longer in the antegrade selective cerebral perfusion group (p = 0.04, p\0.001, respectively). The incidences of transient brain dysfunction and permanent brain dysfunction after surgery did not differ significantly between the groups. There were also no differences between the groups in other intraoperative variables, such as aortic cross-clamp time and the lowest rectal temperature, or in operative outcomes, including postoperative intensive-care-unit stay, mean peak amylase, and lipase levels until postoperative day 7, and 30-day mortality. Conclusion Both retrograde cerebral perfusion and antegrade selective cerebral perfusion were associated with acceptable levels of postoperative neurologic deficits, mortality, and morbidity. Either of these techniques for brain protection can be used selectively, based on a comprehensive assessment of general condition, in patients undergoing surgery for acute type A aortic dissection.
- Aortic dissection
- Aortic operation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine