Comorbidity in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): A report from the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS)

Christine Lochner, Naomi A. Fineberg, Joseph Zohar, Michael Van Ameringen, Alzbeta Juven-Wetzler, Alfredo Carlo Altamura, Natalie L. Cuzen, Eric Hollander, Damiaan Denys, Humberto Nicolini, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Stefano Pallanti, Dan J. Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Discussion High comorbidity of some OCSDs in OCD supports the formal recognition of these conditions in a separate chapter of the nosology. Rates of other Axis I disorders are high in both the general population and in OCSDs, indicating that these may often also need to be the focus of intervention in OCD.

Methods This is a cross-sectional study of comorbidity of Axis I disorders including OCSDs in 457 outpatients with primary OCD (37% male; 63% female), with ages ranging from 12 to 88 years (mean: 39.8 ± 13). Treating clinicians assessed Axis I disorders using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and assessed OCSDs using the Structured Clinical Interview for OCD related/spectrum disorders (SCID-OCSD).

Background Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is often associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity. Comorbid disorders include mood and anxiety disorders as well as obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders (OCSDs). This paper aims to investigate comorbidity of DSM Axis I-disorders, including OCSDs, in patients with OCD from 10 centers affiliated with the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS).

Results In terms of the OCSDs, highest comorbidity rates were found for tic disorder (12.5%), BDD (8.71%) and self-injurious behavior (7.43%). In terms of the other Axis I-disorders, major depressive disorder (MDD; 15%), social anxiety disorder (SAD; 14%), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; 13%) and dysthymic disorder (13%) were most prevalent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1513-1519
Number of pages7
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume55
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Fingerprint

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Comorbidity
Anxiety Disorders
Dysthymic Disorder
Tic Disorders
Interviews
Self-Injurious Behavior
Major Depressive Disorder
Mood Disorders
Psychiatry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Lochner, C., Fineberg, N. A., Zohar, J., Van Ameringen, M., Juven-Wetzler, A., Altamura, A. C., ... Stein, D. J. (2014). Comorbidity in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): A report from the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS). Comprehensive Psychiatry, 55(7), 1513-1519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.05.020

Comorbidity in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) : A report from the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS). / Lochner, Christine; Fineberg, Naomi A.; Zohar, Joseph; Van Ameringen, Michael; Juven-Wetzler, Alzbeta; Altamura, Alfredo Carlo; Cuzen, Natalie L.; Hollander, Eric; Denys, Damiaan; Nicolini, Humberto; Dell'Osso, Bernardo; Pallanti, Stefano; Stein, Dan J.

In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 55, No. 7, 01.10.2014, p. 1513-1519.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lochner, C, Fineberg, NA, Zohar, J, Van Ameringen, M, Juven-Wetzler, A, Altamura, AC, Cuzen, NL, Hollander, E, Denys, D, Nicolini, H, Dell'Osso, B, Pallanti, S & Stein, DJ 2014, 'Comorbidity in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): A report from the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS)', Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 1513-1519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.05.020
Lochner, Christine ; Fineberg, Naomi A. ; Zohar, Joseph ; Van Ameringen, Michael ; Juven-Wetzler, Alzbeta ; Altamura, Alfredo Carlo ; Cuzen, Natalie L. ; Hollander, Eric ; Denys, Damiaan ; Nicolini, Humberto ; Dell'Osso, Bernardo ; Pallanti, Stefano ; Stein, Dan J. / Comorbidity in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) : A report from the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS). In: Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2014 ; Vol. 55, No. 7. pp. 1513-1519.
@article{d67b6dce2e044b40a77f2e8e614a8f24,
title = "Comorbidity in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): A report from the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS)",
abstract = "Discussion High comorbidity of some OCSDs in OCD supports the formal recognition of these conditions in a separate chapter of the nosology. Rates of other Axis I disorders are high in both the general population and in OCSDs, indicating that these may often also need to be the focus of intervention in OCD.Methods This is a cross-sectional study of comorbidity of Axis I disorders including OCSDs in 457 outpatients with primary OCD (37{\%} male; 63{\%} female), with ages ranging from 12 to 88 years (mean: 39.8 ± 13). Treating clinicians assessed Axis I disorders using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and assessed OCSDs using the Structured Clinical Interview for OCD related/spectrum disorders (SCID-OCSD).Background Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is often associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity. Comorbid disorders include mood and anxiety disorders as well as obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders (OCSDs). This paper aims to investigate comorbidity of DSM Axis I-disorders, including OCSDs, in patients with OCD from 10 centers affiliated with the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS).Results In terms of the OCSDs, highest comorbidity rates were found for tic disorder (12.5{\%}), BDD (8.71{\%}) and self-injurious behavior (7.43{\%}). In terms of the other Axis I-disorders, major depressive disorder (MDD; 15{\%}), social anxiety disorder (SAD; 14{\%}), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; 13{\%}) and dysthymic disorder (13{\%}) were most prevalent.",
author = "Christine Lochner and Fineberg, {Naomi A.} and Joseph Zohar and {Van Ameringen}, Michael and Alzbeta Juven-Wetzler and Altamura, {Alfredo Carlo} and Cuzen, {Natalie L.} and Eric Hollander and Damiaan Denys and Humberto Nicolini and Bernardo Dell'Osso and Stefano Pallanti and Stein, {Dan J.}",
year = "2014",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.05.020",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "55",
pages = "1513--1519",
journal = "Comprehensive Psychiatry",
issn = "0010-440X",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comorbidity in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

T2 - A report from the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS)

AU - Lochner, Christine

AU - Fineberg, Naomi A.

AU - Zohar, Joseph

AU - Van Ameringen, Michael

AU - Juven-Wetzler, Alzbeta

AU - Altamura, Alfredo Carlo

AU - Cuzen, Natalie L.

AU - Hollander, Eric

AU - Denys, Damiaan

AU - Nicolini, Humberto

AU - Dell'Osso, Bernardo

AU - Pallanti, Stefano

AU - Stein, Dan J.

PY - 2014/10/1

Y1 - 2014/10/1

N2 - Discussion High comorbidity of some OCSDs in OCD supports the formal recognition of these conditions in a separate chapter of the nosology. Rates of other Axis I disorders are high in both the general population and in OCSDs, indicating that these may often also need to be the focus of intervention in OCD.Methods This is a cross-sectional study of comorbidity of Axis I disorders including OCSDs in 457 outpatients with primary OCD (37% male; 63% female), with ages ranging from 12 to 88 years (mean: 39.8 ± 13). Treating clinicians assessed Axis I disorders using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and assessed OCSDs using the Structured Clinical Interview for OCD related/spectrum disorders (SCID-OCSD).Background Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is often associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity. Comorbid disorders include mood and anxiety disorders as well as obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders (OCSDs). This paper aims to investigate comorbidity of DSM Axis I-disorders, including OCSDs, in patients with OCD from 10 centers affiliated with the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS).Results In terms of the OCSDs, highest comorbidity rates were found for tic disorder (12.5%), BDD (8.71%) and self-injurious behavior (7.43%). In terms of the other Axis I-disorders, major depressive disorder (MDD; 15%), social anxiety disorder (SAD; 14%), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; 13%) and dysthymic disorder (13%) were most prevalent.

AB - Discussion High comorbidity of some OCSDs in OCD supports the formal recognition of these conditions in a separate chapter of the nosology. Rates of other Axis I disorders are high in both the general population and in OCSDs, indicating that these may often also need to be the focus of intervention in OCD.Methods This is a cross-sectional study of comorbidity of Axis I disorders including OCSDs in 457 outpatients with primary OCD (37% male; 63% female), with ages ranging from 12 to 88 years (mean: 39.8 ± 13). Treating clinicians assessed Axis I disorders using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and assessed OCSDs using the Structured Clinical Interview for OCD related/spectrum disorders (SCID-OCSD).Background Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is often associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity. Comorbid disorders include mood and anxiety disorders as well as obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders (OCSDs). This paper aims to investigate comorbidity of DSM Axis I-disorders, including OCSDs, in patients with OCD from 10 centers affiliated with the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS).Results In terms of the OCSDs, highest comorbidity rates were found for tic disorder (12.5%), BDD (8.71%) and self-injurious behavior (7.43%). In terms of the other Axis I-disorders, major depressive disorder (MDD; 15%), social anxiety disorder (SAD; 14%), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; 13%) and dysthymic disorder (13%) were most prevalent.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907883373&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907883373&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.05.020

DO - 10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.05.020

M3 - Article

C2 - 25011690

AN - SCOPUS:84907883373

VL - 55

SP - 1513

EP - 1519

JO - Comprehensive Psychiatry

JF - Comprehensive Psychiatry

SN - 0010-440X

IS - 7

ER -