Background: Cold-inducible RNA-binding protein is a novel damage-associated molecular pattern that causes inflammation. C23, a short peptide derived from cold-inducible RNA-binding protein, has been found to have efficacy in blocking cold-inducible RNA-binding protein's activity. We hypothesized that C23 reduces inflammation and tissue injury induced by intestinal ischemia-reperfusion. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to 60 minutes of intestinal ischemia by clamping the superior mesenteric artery. Immediately after reperfusion, either normal saline (vehicle) or C23 peptide (8 mg/kg body weight) was injected intraperitoneally. Four hours after reperfusion, blood, intestinal, and lung tissues were collected for analysis of inflammatory and tissue injury parameters. Results: Cold-inducible RNA-binding protein levels in the intestinal tissues were significantly increased following intestinal ischemia-reperfusion. Histologic examination of the intestine revealed a significant reduction in injury score in the C23 group by 48% as compared with the vehicles after intestinal ischemia-reperfusion. The serum levels of lactate dehydrogenase and aspartate aminotransferase were increased in animals that underwent vehicle-treated intestinal ischemia-reperfusion, whereas C23-treated animals exhibited significant reductions by 48% and 53%, respectively. The serum and intestinal tissue levels of tumor necrosis factor α were elevated in vehicle-treated intestinal ischemia-reperfusion mice but decreased by 72% and 69%, respectively, in C23-treated mice. Interleukin-6 mRNA levels in the lungs were reduced by 86% in the C23-treated group in comparison to the vehicle-treated group after intestinal ischemia-reperfusion. Expression of macrophage inflammatory protein 2 and level of myeloperoxidase activity in the lungs were dramatically increased after intestinal ischemia-reperfusion and significantly reduced by 91% and 25%, respectively, in the C23-treated group. Conclusion: C23 has potential to be developed into a possible therapy for reperfusion injury after mesenteric ischemia and reperfusion.
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