A high-throughput screen led to the discovery of 2-amino-4-oxo-4- phenylbutanoate inhibitors of the 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoyl-CoA synthase (MenB) from the menaquinone biosynthesis pathway in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, these compounds are unstable in solution and eliminate to form the corresponding 4-oxo-4-phenylbut-2-enoates that then react with CoA in situ to form nanomolar inhibitors of MenB. The potency of these compounds results from interaction of the CoA adduct carboxylate with the MenB oxyanion hole, a conserved structural motif in the crotonase superfamily. 4-Oxo-4- chlorophenylbutenoyl methyl ester has minimum inhibitory concentrations of 0.6 and 1.5 μg/mL against replicating and nonreplicating M. tuberculosis, respectively, and it is proposed that the methyl ester penetrates the cell where it is hydrolyzed and reacts with CoA to generate the active antibacterial. The CoA adducts thus represent an important foundation for the development of novel MenB inhibitors and suggest a general approach to the development of potent inhibitors of acyl-CoA binding enzymes.
- 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoyl-CoA synthase
- o-succinylbenzoic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry