The diagnostic criteria for antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) are continuously evolving. Here we investigated the clinical and molecular significance of different Banff microvascular inflammation (MVI) scores in transplant kidney biopsies. A total of 356 patients with clinically indicated kidney transplant biopsies were classified into three groups based on MVI scores of 0, 1, 2, or more for Groups 1-3, respectively. Gene expression profiles were assessed using arrays on a representative subset of 93 patients. The incidence of donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies was increased from 25% in Group 1 to 36% in Group 2 and to 54% in Group 3. Acute and chronic AMR were significantly more frequent in Group 3 (15% and 35%) compared with the Group 2 (3% and 15%) and Group 1 (0% and 5%), respectively. Gene expression profiles showed increased interferon-γ and rejection-induced, cytotoxic and regulatory T-cell, natural killer cell-associated and donor-specific antibody (DSA)-selective transcripts in Group 3 compared with Groups 1 and 2. There was no significant difference in gene expression profiles between the Groups 1 and 2. Increased intragraft expression of DSA-selective transcripts was found in the biopsies of C4d- Group 3 patients. Thus, an MVI score of 2 or more was significantly associated with a histological diagnosis of acute and chronic antibody-mediated rejection. Hence, increased intragraft DSA-selective gene transcripts may be used as molecular markers for AMR, especially in C4d- biopsies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2016|
- antibody-mediated rejection
- gene expression
- peritubular capillaritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas