Clinical and imaging features of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis - The diagnostic challenges and a brief review

Hemal Grover, Shabnam Bhandari Grover, Pradeep Goyal, Rahul Hegde, Sonali Gupta, Saurabh Malhotra, Shuo Li, Nishant Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM), or granulomatous lobular mastitis is a rare, benign, inflammatory condition of the breast, without an identifiable underlying etiology. The clinical and imaging diagnosis of this entity is challenging with the presentation frequently mimicking inflammatory breast carcinoma (IBC). Mammography and breast ultrasound (US) have an important role in its detection, however, biopsy is imperative for histopathological confirmation. We present three cases of biopsy proven IGM, highlighting the variability of the clinical and imaging features,brieflyreview the relevant literature and discuss the challenges associated with its diagnosis and management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-132
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Imaging
Volume69
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biopsy
  • Breast ultrasound
  • Granular lobular mastitis
  • Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM)
  • Imaging features
  • Mammography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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