Cigarette smoking behaviors and beliefs in persons living with HIV/AIDS

Jonathan Shuter, Steven L. Bernstein, Alyson B. Moadel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To measure biopsychosocial domains related to tobacco use in persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). Methods: Cross-sectional interview study of 60 PLWHA smokers randomly selected from an HIV clinic. Results: Participants averaged 14.4 cigarettes daily. Sixty-five percent were moderately or highly nicotine dependent, and most were motivated to quit. Substance use and depression were very common. Most reported that smoking helped them cope with depression, anxiety, and anger. Twentyseven percent thought (mistakenly) that smoking raised their Tcell counts and/or helped fight infections. Referrals to quitlines or cessation programs were uncommon. Conclusions: Smoking among PLWHAs is a challenging problem requiring targeted intervention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-85
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Behavior
  • Cigarette
  • HIV
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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