We studied the effects of chymotrypsin on turkey erythrocyte membrane adenylate cyclase activity. Proteolysis with chymotrypsin led to a concentration- and time-dependent increase in activation of adenylate cyclase by isoproterenol + guanine nucleotides, and fluoride, and to a decrease in activation by forskolin. Maximal effects (up to 10-fold increases in fluoride- and isoproterenol + guanine nucleotide-stimulated activity, and up to 100% inhibition of forskolin-stimulated activity) occurred under similar conditions (10-20 μg/ml chymotrypsin for 10-15 min at 30 °C). Augmentation of isoproterenol + guanosine-3′-O-thiotriphosphate (GTP-γ-S)-stimulated activity by chymotrypsin occurred only if proteolysis preceded stimulation with isoproterenol + GTP-γ-S. Addition of isoproterenol + GTP-γ-S to membranes before proteolysis, however, did not prevent chymotrypsin from augmenting subsequent stimulation by these agents. In contrast, addition of forskolin during proteolysis with chymotrypsin prevented the time- and concentration-dependent decline in forskolin stimulation observed with chymotrypsin. Proteolysis decreased the magnitude of stimulation at any concentration of forskolin, but did not alter the concentration dependence of forskolin stimulation (apparent half-maximum = 3 μm). The data are consistent with the existence of a chymotrypsin-sensitive site essential for forskolin stimulation of adenylate cyclase. In view of the simultaneous effect of chymotrypsin to augment fluoride- and isoproterenol + guanine nucleotide-stimulated activities, it is highly unlikely that the site is on the stimulatory guanine nucleotide binding protein. Since forskolin is thought to act directly on the catalytic unit of adenylate cyclase, and since forskolin can protect against the effect of proteolysis with chymotrypsin, the site involved may be on the catalytic unit itself.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology