Cholinergic neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus regulates food intake

Jae Hoon Jeong, Dong Kun Lee, Young-Hwan Jo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Central cholinergic neural circuits play a role in the regulation of feeding behavior. The dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) is considered the appetite-stimulating center and contains cholinergic neurons. Here, we study the role of DMH cholinergic neurons in the control of food intake. Methods: To selectively stimulate DMH cholinergic neurons, we expressed stimulatory designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs) and channelrhodopsins in DMH cholinergic neurons by injection of adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors into the DMH of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-IRES-Cre mice. We also generated transgenic mice expressing channelrhodopsins in cholinergic neurons with the Cre-LoxP technique. To delete the Chat gene exclusively in the DMH, we injected an AAV carrying a Cre recombinase transgene into the DMH of floxed ChAT mice. Food intake was measured with and without selective stimulation of DMH cholinergic neurons. Results: Mice lacking the Chat gene in the DMH show reduced body weight as compared to control. Chemogenetic activation of DMH cholinergic neurons promotes food intake. This orexigenic effect is further supported by experiments of optogenetic stimulation of DMH cholinergic neurons. DMH cholinergic neurons innervate pro-opiomelanocortin neurons in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ARC). Treatment with acetylcholine (ACh) enhances GABAergic inhibitory transmission to ARC POMC neurons that is blocked by the muscarinic receptor antagonist. Direct activation of cholinergic fibers in the ARC readily stimulates food intake that is also abolished by the muscarinic receptor antagonist. Conclusion: ACh released from DMH cholinergic neurons regulates food intake and body weight. This effect is mediated in part through regulation of ARC POMC neurons. Activation of muscarinic receptors on GABAergic axon terminals enhances inhibitory tone to ARC POMC neurons. Hence, this novel DMHACh → ARCPOMC pathway plays an important role in the control of food intake and body weight.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular Metabolism
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Dec 9 2016

Fingerprint

Cholinergic Neurons
Hypothalamus
Eating
AIDS-Related Complex
Pro-Opiomelanocortin
Muscarinic Receptors
Neurons
Dependovirus
Muscarinic Antagonists
Choline O-Acetyltransferase
Body Weight
Acetylcholine
Designer Drugs
Optogenetics
Cholinergic Fibers
Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus
Presynaptic Terminals
Feeding Behavior
Appetite
Transgenes

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Hypothalamus
  • Muscarinic
  • Nicotinic
  • Obesity
  • POMC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Cholinergic neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus regulates food intake. / Jeong, Jae Hoon; Lee, Dong Kun; Jo, Young-Hwan.

In: Molecular Metabolism, 09.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective: Central cholinergic neural circuits play a role in the regulation of feeding behavior. The dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) is considered the appetite-stimulating center and contains cholinergic neurons. Here, we study the role of DMH cholinergic neurons in the control of food intake. Methods: To selectively stimulate DMH cholinergic neurons, we expressed stimulatory designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs) and channelrhodopsins in DMH cholinergic neurons by injection of adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors into the DMH of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-IRES-Cre mice. We also generated transgenic mice expressing channelrhodopsins in cholinergic neurons with the Cre-LoxP technique. To delete the Chat gene exclusively in the DMH, we injected an AAV carrying a Cre recombinase transgene into the DMH of floxed ChAT mice. Food intake was measured with and without selective stimulation of DMH cholinergic neurons. Results: Mice lacking the Chat gene in the DMH show reduced body weight as compared to control. Chemogenetic activation of DMH cholinergic neurons promotes food intake. This orexigenic effect is further supported by experiments of optogenetic stimulation of DMH cholinergic neurons. DMH cholinergic neurons innervate pro-opiomelanocortin neurons in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ARC). Treatment with acetylcholine (ACh) enhances GABAergic inhibitory transmission to ARC POMC neurons that is blocked by the muscarinic receptor antagonist. Direct activation of cholinergic fibers in the ARC readily stimulates food intake that is also abolished by the muscarinic receptor antagonist. Conclusion: ACh released from DMH cholinergic neurons regulates food intake and body weight. This effect is mediated in part through regulation of ARC POMC neurons. Activation of muscarinic receptors on GABAergic axon terminals enhances inhibitory tone to ARC POMC neurons. Hence, this novel DMHACh → ARCPOMC pathway plays an important role in the control of food intake and body weight.",
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N2 - Objective: Central cholinergic neural circuits play a role in the regulation of feeding behavior. The dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) is considered the appetite-stimulating center and contains cholinergic neurons. Here, we study the role of DMH cholinergic neurons in the control of food intake. Methods: To selectively stimulate DMH cholinergic neurons, we expressed stimulatory designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs) and channelrhodopsins in DMH cholinergic neurons by injection of adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors into the DMH of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-IRES-Cre mice. We also generated transgenic mice expressing channelrhodopsins in cholinergic neurons with the Cre-LoxP technique. To delete the Chat gene exclusively in the DMH, we injected an AAV carrying a Cre recombinase transgene into the DMH of floxed ChAT mice. Food intake was measured with and without selective stimulation of DMH cholinergic neurons. Results: Mice lacking the Chat gene in the DMH show reduced body weight as compared to control. Chemogenetic activation of DMH cholinergic neurons promotes food intake. This orexigenic effect is further supported by experiments of optogenetic stimulation of DMH cholinergic neurons. DMH cholinergic neurons innervate pro-opiomelanocortin neurons in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ARC). Treatment with acetylcholine (ACh) enhances GABAergic inhibitory transmission to ARC POMC neurons that is blocked by the muscarinic receptor antagonist. Direct activation of cholinergic fibers in the ARC readily stimulates food intake that is also abolished by the muscarinic receptor antagonist. Conclusion: ACh released from DMH cholinergic neurons regulates food intake and body weight. This effect is mediated in part through regulation of ARC POMC neurons. Activation of muscarinic receptors on GABAergic axon terminals enhances inhibitory tone to ARC POMC neurons. Hence, this novel DMHACh → ARCPOMC pathway plays an important role in the control of food intake and body weight.

AB - Objective: Central cholinergic neural circuits play a role in the regulation of feeding behavior. The dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) is considered the appetite-stimulating center and contains cholinergic neurons. Here, we study the role of DMH cholinergic neurons in the control of food intake. Methods: To selectively stimulate DMH cholinergic neurons, we expressed stimulatory designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs) and channelrhodopsins in DMH cholinergic neurons by injection of adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors into the DMH of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-IRES-Cre mice. We also generated transgenic mice expressing channelrhodopsins in cholinergic neurons with the Cre-LoxP technique. To delete the Chat gene exclusively in the DMH, we injected an AAV carrying a Cre recombinase transgene into the DMH of floxed ChAT mice. Food intake was measured with and without selective stimulation of DMH cholinergic neurons. Results: Mice lacking the Chat gene in the DMH show reduced body weight as compared to control. Chemogenetic activation of DMH cholinergic neurons promotes food intake. This orexigenic effect is further supported by experiments of optogenetic stimulation of DMH cholinergic neurons. DMH cholinergic neurons innervate pro-opiomelanocortin neurons in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ARC). Treatment with acetylcholine (ACh) enhances GABAergic inhibitory transmission to ARC POMC neurons that is blocked by the muscarinic receptor antagonist. Direct activation of cholinergic fibers in the ARC readily stimulates food intake that is also abolished by the muscarinic receptor antagonist. Conclusion: ACh released from DMH cholinergic neurons regulates food intake and body weight. This effect is mediated in part through regulation of ARC POMC neurons. Activation of muscarinic receptors on GABAergic axon terminals enhances inhibitory tone to ARC POMC neurons. Hence, this novel DMHACh → ARCPOMC pathway plays an important role in the control of food intake and body weight.

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