Chimeric toxins targeted to the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein augment the in vivo activity of combination antiretroviral therapy in thy/liv-SCID-Hu mice

Harris Goldstein, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani, Tapan K. Bera, Ira H. Pastan, Edward A. Berger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations


Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), which combines multiple inhibitors of essential human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HiV-1) enzymes, induces dramatic and sustained viral load reductions in many people infected with HIV-1. However, reservoirs of infected cells capable of producing replication-competent virus persist even after years of HAART, preventing elimination of infection. CD4-PE40 and 3B3(Fv)-PE38, chimeric toxins designed to target the HIV envelope (Env), represent a complementary class of agents that selectively kill productively infected cells. To investigate whether these Env-targeted toxins might serve as adjuncts to HAART for the elimination of infected cells, we tested their ability to augment HAART efficacy in vivo by using a thy/liv SCID-hu mouse model. CD4-PE40 and 3B3(Fv)-PE38 markedly enhanced the capacity of HAART to suppress acute HIV-1 infection and improved HAART-mediated viral load reduction in mice with established HIV-1 infection. These results represent the first demonstration of in vivo anti-HIV-1 efficacy for Env-targeted toxins and support their potential therapeutic utility in combination with HAART.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)921-926
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 19 2000


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this