Chemical mechanism and rate-limiting steps in the reaction catalyzed by streptococcus faecalis NADH Peroxidase

Vincent S. Stoll, John S. Blanchard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The pH dependence of the kinetic parameters V, V/KNADH, and V/KH2O2 has been determined for the flavoenzyme NADH peroxidase. Both V/KNADH and V/KH2O2 decrease as groups exhibiting pK's of 9.2 and 9.9, respectively, are deprotonated. The V profile decreases by a factor of 5 as a group exhibiting a pK of 7.2 is deprotonated. Primary deuterium kinetic isotope effects on NADH oxidation are observed on V only, and the magnitude of DK is independent of H2O2 concentration at pH 7.5. DV/KNADH is pH independent and equal to 1.0 between pH 6 and pH 9.5, but DV is pH dependent, decreasing from a value of 7.2 at pH 5.5 to 1.9 at pH 9.5. The shape of the DV versus pH profile parallels that observed in the V profile and yields a similar pK of 6.6 for the group whose deprotonation decreases DV. Solvent kinetic isotope effects obtained with NADH or reduced nicotinamide hypoxanthine dinucleotide as the variable substrate are observed on K only, while equivalent solvent kinetic isotope effects on V and V/K are observed when H2O2 is used as the variable substrate. In all cases linear proton inventories are observed. Primary deuterium kinetic isotope effects on F for NADH oxidation decrease as the solvent isotopic composition is changed from H2O to D2O. These data are consistent with a change in the rate-limiting step from a step in the reductive half-reaction at low pH to a step in the oxidative half-reaction at high pH. Analysis of the multiple kinetic isotope effect data suggests that at high D2O concentrations the rate of a single proton transfer step in the oxidative half-reaction is slowed. These data are used to propose a chemical mechanism involving the pH-dependent protonation of a flavin hydroxide anion, following flavin peroxide bond cleavage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)942-948
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemistry
Volume30
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1991

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NAD+ peroxidase
Enterococcus faecalis
Isotopes
Kinetics
NAD
Deuterium
Oxidation
Deprotonation
Proton transfer
Protonation
Peroxides
Substrates
Kinetic parameters
Anions
Protons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Chemical mechanism and rate-limiting steps in the reaction catalyzed by streptococcus faecalis NADH Peroxidase. / Stoll, Vincent S.; Blanchard, John S.

In: Biochemistry, Vol. 30, No. 4, 1991, p. 942-948.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - The pH dependence of the kinetic parameters V, V/KNADH, and V/KH2O2 has been determined for the flavoenzyme NADH peroxidase. Both V/KNADH and V/KH2O2 decrease as groups exhibiting pK's of 9.2 and 9.9, respectively, are deprotonated. The V profile decreases by a factor of 5 as a group exhibiting a pK of 7.2 is deprotonated. Primary deuterium kinetic isotope effects on NADH oxidation are observed on V only, and the magnitude of DK is independent of H2O2 concentration at pH 7.5. DV/KNADH is pH independent and equal to 1.0 between pH 6 and pH 9.5, but DV is pH dependent, decreasing from a value of 7.2 at pH 5.5 to 1.9 at pH 9.5. The shape of the DV versus pH profile parallels that observed in the V profile and yields a similar pK of 6.6 for the group whose deprotonation decreases DV. Solvent kinetic isotope effects obtained with NADH or reduced nicotinamide hypoxanthine dinucleotide as the variable substrate are observed on K only, while equivalent solvent kinetic isotope effects on V and V/K are observed when H2O2 is used as the variable substrate. In all cases linear proton inventories are observed. Primary deuterium kinetic isotope effects on F for NADH oxidation decrease as the solvent isotopic composition is changed from H2O to D2O. These data are consistent with a change in the rate-limiting step from a step in the reductive half-reaction at low pH to a step in the oxidative half-reaction at high pH. Analysis of the multiple kinetic isotope effect data suggests that at high D2O concentrations the rate of a single proton transfer step in the oxidative half-reaction is slowed. These data are used to propose a chemical mechanism involving the pH-dependent protonation of a flavin hydroxide anion, following flavin peroxide bond cleavage.

AB - The pH dependence of the kinetic parameters V, V/KNADH, and V/KH2O2 has been determined for the flavoenzyme NADH peroxidase. Both V/KNADH and V/KH2O2 decrease as groups exhibiting pK's of 9.2 and 9.9, respectively, are deprotonated. The V profile decreases by a factor of 5 as a group exhibiting a pK of 7.2 is deprotonated. Primary deuterium kinetic isotope effects on NADH oxidation are observed on V only, and the magnitude of DK is independent of H2O2 concentration at pH 7.5. DV/KNADH is pH independent and equal to 1.0 between pH 6 and pH 9.5, but DV is pH dependent, decreasing from a value of 7.2 at pH 5.5 to 1.9 at pH 9.5. The shape of the DV versus pH profile parallels that observed in the V profile and yields a similar pK of 6.6 for the group whose deprotonation decreases DV. Solvent kinetic isotope effects obtained with NADH or reduced nicotinamide hypoxanthine dinucleotide as the variable substrate are observed on K only, while equivalent solvent kinetic isotope effects on V and V/K are observed when H2O2 is used as the variable substrate. In all cases linear proton inventories are observed. Primary deuterium kinetic isotope effects on F for NADH oxidation decrease as the solvent isotopic composition is changed from H2O to D2O. These data are consistent with a change in the rate-limiting step from a step in the reductive half-reaction at low pH to a step in the oxidative half-reaction at high pH. Analysis of the multiple kinetic isotope effect data suggests that at high D2O concentrations the rate of a single proton transfer step in the oxidative half-reaction is slowed. These data are used to propose a chemical mechanism involving the pH-dependent protonation of a flavin hydroxide anion, following flavin peroxide bond cleavage.

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