The coiled-coil domain of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family protein TRIM5α is required for trimerization and function as an antiretroviral restriction factor. Unlike the coiled-coil regions of other related TRIM proteins, the coiled coil of TRIM5α is not sufficient for multimerization. The linker region between the coiled-coil and B30.2 domains is necessary for efficient TRIM5α trimerization. Most of the hydrophilic residues predicted to be located on the surface-exposed face of the coiled coil can be altered without compromising TRIM5α antiviral activity against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1). However, changes that disrupt TRIM5α trimerization proportionately affect the ability of TRIM5α to bind HIV-1 capsid complexes. Therefore, TRIM5α trimerization makes a major contribution to its avidity for the retroviral capsid, and to the ability to restrict virus infection.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|State||Published - Sep 15 2006|
- Coiled-coil domain
- Retroviral capsid
ASJC Scopus subject areas