Characterization of structural changes in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy with recurrent ventricular tachycardia after ablation: Insights from repeat electroanatomic voltage mapping

David F. Briceño, Jackson J. Liang, Yasuhiro Shirai, Timothy M. Markman, Anwar Chahal, Cory Tschabrunn, Erica Zado, Mathew C. Hyman, Ramanan Kumareswaran, Jeffery S. Arkles, Pasquale Santangeli, Robert D. Schaller, Gregory E. Supple, David S. Frankel, Rajat Deo, Michael P. Riley, Saman Nazarian, David Lin, Andrew E. Epstein, Fermin C. GarciaSanjay Dixit, David J. Callans, Francis E. Marchlinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Data characterizing structural changes of arrhythmogenic right ventricular (RV) cardiomyopathy are limited. Methods: Patients presenting with left bundle branch block ventricular tachycardia in the setting of arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy with procedures separated by at least 9 months were included. Results: Nineteen consecutive patients (84% males; mean age 39±15 years [range, 20-76 years]) were included. All 19 patients underwent 2 detailed sinus rhythm electroanatomic endocardial voltage maps (average 385±177 points per map; range, 93-847 points). Time interval between the initial and repeat ablation procedures was mean 50±37 months (range, 9-162). No significant progression of voltage was observed (bipolar: 38 cm2[interquartile range (IQR), 25-54] versus 53 cm2[IQR, 25-65], P=0.09; unipolar: 116 cm2[IQR, 61-209] versus 159 cm2[IQR, 73-204], P=0.36) for the entire study group. There was a significant increase in RV volumes (percentage increase, 28%; 206 mL [IQR, 170-253] versus 263 mL [IQR, 204-294], P<0.001) for the entire study population. Larger scars at baseline but not changes over time were associated with a significant increase in RV volume (bipolar: Spearman ρ, 0.6965, P=0.006; unipolar: Spearman ρ, 0.5743, P=0.03). Most patients with progressive RV dilatation (8/14, 57%) had moderate (2 patients) or severe (6 patients) tricuspid regurgitation recorded at either initial or repeat ablation procedure. Conclusions: In patients with arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy presenting with recurrent ventricular tachycardia, >10% increase in RV endocardial surface area of bipolar voltage consistent with scar is uncommon during the intermediate term. Most recurrent ventricular tachycardias are localized to regions of prior defined scar. Voltage indexed scar area at baseline but not changes in scar over time is associated with progressive increase in RV size and is consistent with adverse remodeling but not scar progression. Marked tricuspid regurgitation is frequently present in patients with arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy who have progressive RV dilation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere007611
JournalCirculation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cardiomyopathies
  • catheter ablation
  • defibrillators, implantable
  • heart failure
  • tachycardia, ventricular
  • tricuspid valve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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