Characterization of Neck Strength in Healthy Young Adults

Eva Catenaccio, Weiya Mu, Atira Kaplan, Roman Fleysher, Namhee Kim, Tamar Bachrach, Malka Zughaft Sears, Oren Jaspan, Jaclyn Caccese, Mimi Kim, Mark E. Wagshul, Walter F. Stewart, Richard B. Lipton, Michael L. Lipton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The role of cervical muscle (neck) strength in traumatic brain and spine injury and chronic neck pain disorders is an area of active research. Characterization of the normal ranges of neck strength in healthy young adults is essential to designing future investigations of how strength may act as a modifier for risk and progression in head and neck disorders. Objective: To develop a normative reference database of neck strength in a healthy young adult population, and to evaluate the relationship of neck strength to anthropometric measurements. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: An academic medical center research institution. Participants: A total of 157 healthy young adults (18-35 years of age) had their neck strength measured with fixed frame dynamometry (FFD) during 1 visit to establish a normative neck strength database. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measurements: Peak and average strength of the neck muscles were measured in extension, forward flexion, and right and left lateral flexion using FFD. The ranges of peak and average neck strength were characterized and correlated with anthropometric characteristics. Results: In all, 157 subjects (84 male, 73 female; average age 27 years) were included in the normative sample. Neck strength ranged from 38 to 383 Newtons in men and from 15 to 223 Newtons in women. Normative data are provided for each gender in all 4 directions. Weight, body mass index, neck circumference, and estimated neck muscle volume were modestly correlated with neck strength in multiple directions (correlation coefficients < .4). In a multivariate regression model, weight in women and neck volume in men were significant predictors of neck strength. Conclusions: Neck strength in healthy young adults exhibits a broad range, is significantly different in men from that in women, and correlates only modestly with anthropometric characteristics. Level of Evidence: To be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPM and R
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - May 22 2016

Fingerprint

Young Adult
Neck
Neck Muscles
Databases
Weights and Measures
Somatoform Disorders
Neck Pain
Muscle Strength
Chronic Pain
Biomedical Research
Reference Values
Spine
Body Mass Index
Head

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Characterization of Neck Strength in Healthy Young Adults. / Catenaccio, Eva; Mu, Weiya; Kaplan, Atira; Fleysher, Roman; Kim, Namhee; Bachrach, Tamar; Zughaft Sears, Malka; Jaspan, Oren; Caccese, Jaclyn; Kim, Mimi; Wagshul, Mark E.; Stewart, Walter F.; Lipton, Richard B.; Lipton, Michael L.

In: PM and R, 22.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Catenaccio, E, Mu, W, Kaplan, A, Fleysher, R, Kim, N, Bachrach, T, Zughaft Sears, M, Jaspan, O, Caccese, J, Kim, M, Wagshul, ME, Stewart, WF, Lipton, RB & Lipton, ML 2016, 'Characterization of Neck Strength in Healthy Young Adults', PM and R. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2017.01.005
Catenaccio, Eva ; Mu, Weiya ; Kaplan, Atira ; Fleysher, Roman ; Kim, Namhee ; Bachrach, Tamar ; Zughaft Sears, Malka ; Jaspan, Oren ; Caccese, Jaclyn ; Kim, Mimi ; Wagshul, Mark E. ; Stewart, Walter F. ; Lipton, Richard B. ; Lipton, Michael L. / Characterization of Neck Strength in Healthy Young Adults. In: PM and R. 2016.
@article{2b1b4b0a281247da95f3d70375a80ed9,
title = "Characterization of Neck Strength in Healthy Young Adults",
abstract = "Background: The role of cervical muscle (neck) strength in traumatic brain and spine injury and chronic neck pain disorders is an area of active research. Characterization of the normal ranges of neck strength in healthy young adults is essential to designing future investigations of how strength may act as a modifier for risk and progression in head and neck disorders. Objective: To develop a normative reference database of neck strength in a healthy young adult population, and to evaluate the relationship of neck strength to anthropometric measurements. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: An academic medical center research institution. Participants: A total of 157 healthy young adults (18-35 years of age) had their neck strength measured with fixed frame dynamometry (FFD) during 1 visit to establish a normative neck strength database. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measurements: Peak and average strength of the neck muscles were measured in extension, forward flexion, and right and left lateral flexion using FFD. The ranges of peak and average neck strength were characterized and correlated with anthropometric characteristics. Results: In all, 157 subjects (84 male, 73 female; average age 27 years) were included in the normative sample. Neck strength ranged from 38 to 383 Newtons in men and from 15 to 223 Newtons in women. Normative data are provided for each gender in all 4 directions. Weight, body mass index, neck circumference, and estimated neck muscle volume were modestly correlated with neck strength in multiple directions (correlation coefficients < .4). In a multivariate regression model, weight in women and neck volume in men were significant predictors of neck strength. Conclusions: Neck strength in healthy young adults exhibits a broad range, is significantly different in men from that in women, and correlates only modestly with anthropometric characteristics. Level of Evidence: To be determined.",
author = "Eva Catenaccio and Weiya Mu and Atira Kaplan and Roman Fleysher and Namhee Kim and Tamar Bachrach and {Zughaft Sears}, Malka and Oren Jaspan and Jaclyn Caccese and Mimi Kim and Wagshul, {Mark E.} and Stewart, {Walter F.} and Lipton, {Richard B.} and Lipton, {Michael L.}",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1016/j.pmrj.2017.01.005",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "PM and R",
issn = "1934-1482",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of Neck Strength in Healthy Young Adults

AU - Catenaccio, Eva

AU - Mu, Weiya

AU - Kaplan, Atira

AU - Fleysher, Roman

AU - Kim, Namhee

AU - Bachrach, Tamar

AU - Zughaft Sears, Malka

AU - Jaspan, Oren

AU - Caccese, Jaclyn

AU - Kim, Mimi

AU - Wagshul, Mark E.

AU - Stewart, Walter F.

AU - Lipton, Richard B.

AU - Lipton, Michael L.

PY - 2016/5/22

Y1 - 2016/5/22

N2 - Background: The role of cervical muscle (neck) strength in traumatic brain and spine injury and chronic neck pain disorders is an area of active research. Characterization of the normal ranges of neck strength in healthy young adults is essential to designing future investigations of how strength may act as a modifier for risk and progression in head and neck disorders. Objective: To develop a normative reference database of neck strength in a healthy young adult population, and to evaluate the relationship of neck strength to anthropometric measurements. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: An academic medical center research institution. Participants: A total of 157 healthy young adults (18-35 years of age) had their neck strength measured with fixed frame dynamometry (FFD) during 1 visit to establish a normative neck strength database. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measurements: Peak and average strength of the neck muscles were measured in extension, forward flexion, and right and left lateral flexion using FFD. The ranges of peak and average neck strength were characterized and correlated with anthropometric characteristics. Results: In all, 157 subjects (84 male, 73 female; average age 27 years) were included in the normative sample. Neck strength ranged from 38 to 383 Newtons in men and from 15 to 223 Newtons in women. Normative data are provided for each gender in all 4 directions. Weight, body mass index, neck circumference, and estimated neck muscle volume were modestly correlated with neck strength in multiple directions (correlation coefficients < .4). In a multivariate regression model, weight in women and neck volume in men were significant predictors of neck strength. Conclusions: Neck strength in healthy young adults exhibits a broad range, is significantly different in men from that in women, and correlates only modestly with anthropometric characteristics. Level of Evidence: To be determined.

AB - Background: The role of cervical muscle (neck) strength in traumatic brain and spine injury and chronic neck pain disorders is an area of active research. Characterization of the normal ranges of neck strength in healthy young adults is essential to designing future investigations of how strength may act as a modifier for risk and progression in head and neck disorders. Objective: To develop a normative reference database of neck strength in a healthy young adult population, and to evaluate the relationship of neck strength to anthropometric measurements. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: An academic medical center research institution. Participants: A total of 157 healthy young adults (18-35 years of age) had their neck strength measured with fixed frame dynamometry (FFD) during 1 visit to establish a normative neck strength database. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measurements: Peak and average strength of the neck muscles were measured in extension, forward flexion, and right and left lateral flexion using FFD. The ranges of peak and average neck strength were characterized and correlated with anthropometric characteristics. Results: In all, 157 subjects (84 male, 73 female; average age 27 years) were included in the normative sample. Neck strength ranged from 38 to 383 Newtons in men and from 15 to 223 Newtons in women. Normative data are provided for each gender in all 4 directions. Weight, body mass index, neck circumference, and estimated neck muscle volume were modestly correlated with neck strength in multiple directions (correlation coefficients < .4). In a multivariate regression model, weight in women and neck volume in men were significant predictors of neck strength. Conclusions: Neck strength in healthy young adults exhibits a broad range, is significantly different in men from that in women, and correlates only modestly with anthropometric characteristics. Level of Evidence: To be determined.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016475016&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85016475016&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.pmrj.2017.01.005

DO - 10.1016/j.pmrj.2017.01.005

M3 - Article

C2 - 28167302

AN - SCOPUS:85016475016

JO - PM and R

JF - PM and R

SN - 1934-1482

ER -