Characterization of hTERT-immortalized osteoblast cell lines generated from wild-type and connexin43-null mouse calvaria

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Abstract

The gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) has been proposed to play key roles in bone differentiation and mineralization, but underlying cellular mechanisms are not totally understood. To further explore roles of Cx43 in these processes, we immortalized calvarial osteoblasts from wild-type and Cx43-null mice using human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). Osteoblastic (MOB) cell lines were generated from three individual wild-type and three individual Cx43-null mouse calvaria. Average population doubling times of the cell lines were higher than of the primary osteoblasts but did not greatly differ with regard to genotype. Modest to high level of Cx45 expression was detected in MOBs of both genotypes. Most of the cell lines expressed osteoblastic markers [Type I collagen, osteopontin, osteocalcin, parathyroid hormone/ parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor (PTH/PTHrP), periostin (OSF-2), osterix (Osx), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP)], and mineralization was comparable to that of primary osteoblasts. Two MOB cell lines from each genotype with most robust maintenance of osteoblast lineage markers were analyzed in greater detail, revealing that the Cx43-null cell lines showed a significant delay in early differentiation (up to 9 days in culture). Matrix mineralization was markedly delayed in one of the Cx43-null lines and slightly delayed in the other. These findings comparing new and very stable wild-type and Cx43-null osteoblastic cell lines define a role for Cx43 in early differentiation and mineralization stages of osteoblasts and further support the concept that Cx43 plays important role in the cellular processes associated with skeleton function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume299
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Fingerprint

Connexin 43
Osteoblasts
Skull
Cell Line
Null Lymphocytes
Genotype
Parathyroid Hormone Receptor Type 1
human TERT protein
Physiologic Calcification
Osteopontin
Connexins
Osteocalcin
Collagen Type I
Parathyroid Hormone
Skeleton
Alkaline Phosphatase
Transcription Factors
Maintenance

Keywords

  • Alkaline phosphatase
  • Differentiation
  • Gap junction
  • Human telomerase reverse transcriptase
  • Mineralization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of hTERT-immortalized osteoblast cell lines generated from wild-type and connexin43-null mouse calvaria",
abstract = "The gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) has been proposed to play key roles in bone differentiation and mineralization, but underlying cellular mechanisms are not totally understood. To further explore roles of Cx43 in these processes, we immortalized calvarial osteoblasts from wild-type and Cx43-null mice using human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). Osteoblastic (MOB) cell lines were generated from three individual wild-type and three individual Cx43-null mouse calvaria. Average population doubling times of the cell lines were higher than of the primary osteoblasts but did not greatly differ with regard to genotype. Modest to high level of Cx45 expression was detected in MOBs of both genotypes. Most of the cell lines expressed osteoblastic markers [Type I collagen, osteopontin, osteocalcin, parathyroid hormone/ parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor (PTH/PTHrP), periostin (OSF-2), osterix (Osx), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP)], and mineralization was comparable to that of primary osteoblasts. Two MOB cell lines from each genotype with most robust maintenance of osteoblast lineage markers were analyzed in greater detail, revealing that the Cx43-null cell lines showed a significant delay in early differentiation (up to 9 days in culture). Matrix mineralization was markedly delayed in one of the Cx43-null lines and slightly delayed in the other. These findings comparing new and very stable wild-type and Cx43-null osteoblastic cell lines define a role for Cx43 in early differentiation and mineralization stages of osteoblasts and further support the concept that Cx43 plays important role in the cellular processes associated with skeleton function.",
keywords = "Alkaline phosphatase, Differentiation, Gap junction, Human telomerase reverse transcriptase, Mineralization",
author = "Thi, {Mia M.} and Marcia Urban-Maldonado and Spray, {David C.} and Suadicani, {Sylvia O.}",
year = "2010",
month = "11",
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language = "English (US)",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of hTERT-immortalized osteoblast cell lines generated from wild-type and connexin43-null mouse calvaria

AU - Thi, Mia M.

AU - Urban-Maldonado, Marcia

AU - Spray, David C.

AU - Suadicani, Sylvia O.

PY - 2010/11

Y1 - 2010/11

N2 - The gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) has been proposed to play key roles in bone differentiation and mineralization, but underlying cellular mechanisms are not totally understood. To further explore roles of Cx43 in these processes, we immortalized calvarial osteoblasts from wild-type and Cx43-null mice using human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). Osteoblastic (MOB) cell lines were generated from three individual wild-type and three individual Cx43-null mouse calvaria. Average population doubling times of the cell lines were higher than of the primary osteoblasts but did not greatly differ with regard to genotype. Modest to high level of Cx45 expression was detected in MOBs of both genotypes. Most of the cell lines expressed osteoblastic markers [Type I collagen, osteopontin, osteocalcin, parathyroid hormone/ parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor (PTH/PTHrP), periostin (OSF-2), osterix (Osx), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP)], and mineralization was comparable to that of primary osteoblasts. Two MOB cell lines from each genotype with most robust maintenance of osteoblast lineage markers were analyzed in greater detail, revealing that the Cx43-null cell lines showed a significant delay in early differentiation (up to 9 days in culture). Matrix mineralization was markedly delayed in one of the Cx43-null lines and slightly delayed in the other. These findings comparing new and very stable wild-type and Cx43-null osteoblastic cell lines define a role for Cx43 in early differentiation and mineralization stages of osteoblasts and further support the concept that Cx43 plays important role in the cellular processes associated with skeleton function.

AB - The gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) has been proposed to play key roles in bone differentiation and mineralization, but underlying cellular mechanisms are not totally understood. To further explore roles of Cx43 in these processes, we immortalized calvarial osteoblasts from wild-type and Cx43-null mice using human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). Osteoblastic (MOB) cell lines were generated from three individual wild-type and three individual Cx43-null mouse calvaria. Average population doubling times of the cell lines were higher than of the primary osteoblasts but did not greatly differ with regard to genotype. Modest to high level of Cx45 expression was detected in MOBs of both genotypes. Most of the cell lines expressed osteoblastic markers [Type I collagen, osteopontin, osteocalcin, parathyroid hormone/ parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor (PTH/PTHrP), periostin (OSF-2), osterix (Osx), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP)], and mineralization was comparable to that of primary osteoblasts. Two MOB cell lines from each genotype with most robust maintenance of osteoblast lineage markers were analyzed in greater detail, revealing that the Cx43-null cell lines showed a significant delay in early differentiation (up to 9 days in culture). Matrix mineralization was markedly delayed in one of the Cx43-null lines and slightly delayed in the other. These findings comparing new and very stable wild-type and Cx43-null osteoblastic cell lines define a role for Cx43 in early differentiation and mineralization stages of osteoblasts and further support the concept that Cx43 plays important role in the cellular processes associated with skeleton function.

KW - Alkaline phosphatase

KW - Differentiation

KW - Gap junction

KW - Human telomerase reverse transcriptase

KW - Mineralization

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AN - SCOPUS:78349283001

VL - 299

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

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SN - 1931-857X

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