Characteristics of the formation and membrane transport of 7-hydroxymethotrexate in freshly isolated rabbit hepatocytes

G. Fabre, I. Fabre, D. A. Gewirtz, I. David Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cellular pharmacology of methotrexate was evaluated in freshly isolated rabbit hepatocytes in suspension with an analysis of drug metabolism by high-performance liquid chromatography. After exposure of hepatocytes at a cytocrit of 5% to 5 μM [3H]methotrexate, intracellular 7-hydroxymethotrexate appears rapidly within the cell; within 15 sec, the level of 7-hydroxymethotrexate exceeds the level of intracellular methotrexate, although the latter has not achieved the dihydrofolate reductase binding capacity. Within 20 min, virtually all methotrexate is hydroxylated. There is minimal formation of methotrexate polyglutamyl derivatives even after exposure of cells to very high levels of methotrexate, and 7-hydroxymethotrexate polyglutamates do not accumulate in the cell at all after incubation with [3H]-7-hydroxy-methotrexate. Because of the rapidity of the hydroxylation of methotrexate, transport of this agent could not be characterized. However, some aspects of the transport properties of 7-hydroxymethotrexate could be studied since the catabolite is neither bound nor metabolized in this system. Net 7-hydroxymethotrexate transport was reduced by the addition of 5-formyltetrahydrofolate. As observed for 4-aminoantifolate transport in other cell systems, net 7-hydroxymethotrexate transport was markedly stimulated by sodium azide, an inhibitor of energy metabolism. The data suggest that hydroxylation of methotrexate proceeds at a rate at least comparable to the rate of association of the drug with dihydrofolate reductase and that transport of methotrexate into rabbit hepatocytes is slow relative to the rate of catabolism to the 7-hydroxy derivative. Rabbit hepatocytes may be a useful model for exploring methotrexate catabolism at the cellular level and may provide insights into the interaction between methotrexate and/or other 4-aminoantifolates and the human liver.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1086-1091
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume45
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

7-hydroxymethotrexate
Methotrexate
Hepatocytes
Rabbits
Membranes
Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase
Hydroxylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Characteristics of the formation and membrane transport of 7-hydroxymethotrexate in freshly isolated rabbit hepatocytes. / Fabre, G.; Fabre, I.; Gewirtz, D. A.; Goldman, I. David.

In: Cancer Research, Vol. 45, No. 3, 1985, p. 1086-1091.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3fc130a96ed5465eb8798fe993df8908,
title = "Characteristics of the formation and membrane transport of 7-hydroxymethotrexate in freshly isolated rabbit hepatocytes",
abstract = "The cellular pharmacology of methotrexate was evaluated in freshly isolated rabbit hepatocytes in suspension with an analysis of drug metabolism by high-performance liquid chromatography. After exposure of hepatocytes at a cytocrit of 5{\%} to 5 μM [3H]methotrexate, intracellular 7-hydroxymethotrexate appears rapidly within the cell; within 15 sec, the level of 7-hydroxymethotrexate exceeds the level of intracellular methotrexate, although the latter has not achieved the dihydrofolate reductase binding capacity. Within 20 min, virtually all methotrexate is hydroxylated. There is minimal formation of methotrexate polyglutamyl derivatives even after exposure of cells to very high levels of methotrexate, and 7-hydroxymethotrexate polyglutamates do not accumulate in the cell at all after incubation with [3H]-7-hydroxy-methotrexate. Because of the rapidity of the hydroxylation of methotrexate, transport of this agent could not be characterized. However, some aspects of the transport properties of 7-hydroxymethotrexate could be studied since the catabolite is neither bound nor metabolized in this system. Net 7-hydroxymethotrexate transport was reduced by the addition of 5-formyltetrahydrofolate. As observed for 4-aminoantifolate transport in other cell systems, net 7-hydroxymethotrexate transport was markedly stimulated by sodium azide, an inhibitor of energy metabolism. The data suggest that hydroxylation of methotrexate proceeds at a rate at least comparable to the rate of association of the drug with dihydrofolate reductase and that transport of methotrexate into rabbit hepatocytes is slow relative to the rate of catabolism to the 7-hydroxy derivative. Rabbit hepatocytes may be a useful model for exploring methotrexate catabolism at the cellular level and may provide insights into the interaction between methotrexate and/or other 4-aminoantifolates and the human liver.",
author = "G. Fabre and I. Fabre and Gewirtz, {D. A.} and Goldman, {I. David}",
year = "1985",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "45",
pages = "1086--1091",
journal = "Cancer Research",
issn = "0008-5472",
publisher = "American Association for Cancer Research Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characteristics of the formation and membrane transport of 7-hydroxymethotrexate in freshly isolated rabbit hepatocytes

AU - Fabre, G.

AU - Fabre, I.

AU - Gewirtz, D. A.

AU - Goldman, I. David

PY - 1985

Y1 - 1985

N2 - The cellular pharmacology of methotrexate was evaluated in freshly isolated rabbit hepatocytes in suspension with an analysis of drug metabolism by high-performance liquid chromatography. After exposure of hepatocytes at a cytocrit of 5% to 5 μM [3H]methotrexate, intracellular 7-hydroxymethotrexate appears rapidly within the cell; within 15 sec, the level of 7-hydroxymethotrexate exceeds the level of intracellular methotrexate, although the latter has not achieved the dihydrofolate reductase binding capacity. Within 20 min, virtually all methotrexate is hydroxylated. There is minimal formation of methotrexate polyglutamyl derivatives even after exposure of cells to very high levels of methotrexate, and 7-hydroxymethotrexate polyglutamates do not accumulate in the cell at all after incubation with [3H]-7-hydroxy-methotrexate. Because of the rapidity of the hydroxylation of methotrexate, transport of this agent could not be characterized. However, some aspects of the transport properties of 7-hydroxymethotrexate could be studied since the catabolite is neither bound nor metabolized in this system. Net 7-hydroxymethotrexate transport was reduced by the addition of 5-formyltetrahydrofolate. As observed for 4-aminoantifolate transport in other cell systems, net 7-hydroxymethotrexate transport was markedly stimulated by sodium azide, an inhibitor of energy metabolism. The data suggest that hydroxylation of methotrexate proceeds at a rate at least comparable to the rate of association of the drug with dihydrofolate reductase and that transport of methotrexate into rabbit hepatocytes is slow relative to the rate of catabolism to the 7-hydroxy derivative. Rabbit hepatocytes may be a useful model for exploring methotrexate catabolism at the cellular level and may provide insights into the interaction between methotrexate and/or other 4-aminoantifolates and the human liver.

AB - The cellular pharmacology of methotrexate was evaluated in freshly isolated rabbit hepatocytes in suspension with an analysis of drug metabolism by high-performance liquid chromatography. After exposure of hepatocytes at a cytocrit of 5% to 5 μM [3H]methotrexate, intracellular 7-hydroxymethotrexate appears rapidly within the cell; within 15 sec, the level of 7-hydroxymethotrexate exceeds the level of intracellular methotrexate, although the latter has not achieved the dihydrofolate reductase binding capacity. Within 20 min, virtually all methotrexate is hydroxylated. There is minimal formation of methotrexate polyglutamyl derivatives even after exposure of cells to very high levels of methotrexate, and 7-hydroxymethotrexate polyglutamates do not accumulate in the cell at all after incubation with [3H]-7-hydroxy-methotrexate. Because of the rapidity of the hydroxylation of methotrexate, transport of this agent could not be characterized. However, some aspects of the transport properties of 7-hydroxymethotrexate could be studied since the catabolite is neither bound nor metabolized in this system. Net 7-hydroxymethotrexate transport was reduced by the addition of 5-formyltetrahydrofolate. As observed for 4-aminoantifolate transport in other cell systems, net 7-hydroxymethotrexate transport was markedly stimulated by sodium azide, an inhibitor of energy metabolism. The data suggest that hydroxylation of methotrexate proceeds at a rate at least comparable to the rate of association of the drug with dihydrofolate reductase and that transport of methotrexate into rabbit hepatocytes is slow relative to the rate of catabolism to the 7-hydroxy derivative. Rabbit hepatocytes may be a useful model for exploring methotrexate catabolism at the cellular level and may provide insights into the interaction between methotrexate and/or other 4-aminoantifolates and the human liver.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021953805&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021953805&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 1086

EP - 1091

JO - Cancer Research

JF - Cancer Research

SN - 0008-5472

IS - 3

ER -