Characteristics and management of blunt renal injury in children

Yuichi Ishida, Alan Tyroch, Nader Emami, Susan McLean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Renal trauma in the pediatric population is predominately due to blunt mechanism of injury. Our purpose was to determine the associated injuries, features, incidence, management, and outcomes of kidney injuries resulting from blunt trauma in the pediatric population in a single level I trauma center. Methods: This was a retrospective chart and trauma registry review of all pediatric blunt renal injuries at a regional level I trauma center that provides care to injured adults and children. The inclusion dates were January 2001-June 2014. Results: Of 5790 pediatric blunt trauma admissions, 68 children sustained renal trauma (incidence: 1.2%). Only two had nephrectomies (2.9%). Five renal angiograms were performed, only one required angioembolization. Macroscopic hematuria rate was significantly higher in the high-grade injury group (47% vs. 16%; P = 0.031). Over half of the patients had other intra-abdominal injuries. The liver and spleen were the most frequently injured abdominal organs. Conclusion: Blunt renal trauma is uncommon in children and is typically of low American Association for the Surgery of Trauma injury grade. It is commonly associated with other intra-abdominal injuries, especially the liver and the spleen. The nephrectomy rate in pediatric trauma is lower compared to adult trauma. Most pediatric blunt renal injury can be managed conservatively by adult trauma surgeons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-145
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hematuria
  • nephrectomy
  • renal trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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