We have previously observed that replication and nuclear location of the murine Igh locus are developmentally regulated during B cell differentiation. In non-B, B, and plasma cells, sequences near the 3′ end of the Igh locus replicate early in S while upstream Vh sequences replicate late in S, and the Igh locus is located near the nuclear periphery. In fact, in MEL non-B cells, replication of a 500-kb segment containing Igh-C and flanking sequences occurs progressively later throughout S by 3′ to 5′ unidirectional fork movement. In contrast, in pro- and pre-B cells, the entire 3-Mb Igh locus is located away from the nuclear periphery and replicates early in S by forks progressing in both directions. In this study, using an 18-81 (pre-B) × BW5147 (T) cell fusion system in which Igh expression is extinguished, we found that in all Igh alleles, Vh sequences replicated later in S than 3′ Igh sequences (similar to that detected in BW5147), but the Igh locus was situated away from the nuclear periphery (similar to that observed in 18-81). Thus, pre-B cell-derived Igh genes had changes in replication timing, but not in nuclear location, whereas T cell-derived Igh genes changed their nuclear location but not their replication timing. These data are consistent with the silencing of a pre-B cell-specific replication program in the fusion hybrid cells and independent regulation of the nuclear location of Igh loci.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy